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AquaDocs is the joint open access repository of the UNESCO/IOC InternationaI Oceanographic Data and Information Exchange (IODE) and the International Association of Aquatic and Marine Science Libraries and Information Centers (IAMSLIC) with support from the FAO Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Abstracts. It is a thematic repository covering the natural marine, coastal, estuarine /brackish and fresh water environments and includes all aspects of the science, technology, management and conservation of these environments, their organisms and resources, and the economic, sociological and legal aspects. [see About]

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  • Aqua-LAC, Volume 10, No. 2, 2018

    Pizarro, Roberto; Doria, Miguel; UNESCO Office Montevideo and Regional Bureau for Science in Latin America and the Caribbean. (Edificio Mercosur for UNESCO-Programa Hidrológico Internacional Oficina Regional de Ciencia para América Latina y el Caribe.Montevideo, Uruguay, 2018)
    The International Hydrological Programme of UNESCO for Latin America and the Caribbean (IHP-LAC) and the UNESCO water family, which includes the chairs and centers under the auspices of UNESCO, have provided an important contribution for the preservation and the conservation of water resources, both in quantity and quality, for the current and future generations. Since 2009, the Aqua-LAC Scientific Journal is an example of excellence in the provision of knowledge and quality information for experts and decision-makers, providing the dissemination of important multidisciplinary results, derived from complex scientific research developed by specialists from various nations and areas of action. Among the diversity of water related topics, there is an incentive to use innovative technologies and an integrated and adequate management of these resources, which are essential for our existence, as well as the important clarification about legal aspects and the search for alternatives to guarantee water security. In this context, this number of Aqua-LAC, edited by the International Hydroinformatics Center (CIH), takes us on a journey through the “Latin American and Caribbean water integration” through scientific articles produced by specialists and based on essential activities developed and/or promoted in our region. One of the subjects portrayed, refers to the importance of the Guaraní Aquifer, the largest transboundary aquifer in the world with its waters distributed by a population of more than 90 million people, in Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay. There is a great need to understand how these resources can be used and managed in a sustainable manner, so as not to negatively impact quality of life and the survival of the future generations. The other articles covered in this issue focus on water resources management, drought modeling, seawater desalination and groundwater quality. Water is heterogeneously distributed worldwide, alternating in small distances between waste and scarcity. The consequences of this imbalance can be catastrophic, with the occurrence of extreme events such as floods, droughts and hurricanes that, often cause deaths, environmental and economic damage. This situation would dangerous if it were not for the current risk management programs and projects. At the International Hydroinformatics Center, we experience in practice a great example of how technology can help territorial management. The CIH Geographic Information Platform facilitates access to geographic information among collaborators and other interested parties in the management of water resources in the area of influence of Itaipu Binacional and the River Plate Basin. The platform has 14 categories: agriculture and livestock, water, environment, biota, registration, land cover, economy, elevation, structure, geo-science, limits, location, society and transport. This tool allows the deploy of special data infrastructure using a friendly and modern interface through the Internet. It is free open source software, an essential feature for replicability in other locations. The democratization of access to information provides a relevant contribution towards a more sustainable future. For these purposes, we wish this issue has a wide dissemination among researchers and society in general.
  • Análisis del levantamiento batimétrico por Sistema de Información del Fondo del Mar (SIS) de Punta Lobos en invierno 2020

    Gómez Peralta, Germán Antonio (Dirección de Hidrografía y Navegación de la Marina de Guerra del Perú, 2020)
    Durante la navegación desarrollada por el BAP Carrasco de la Dirección de Hidrografía y Navegación de la Marina de Guerra del Perú realizada en agosto 2020. Se recolectó data batimétrica utilizando una ecosonda multihaz EM122 marca kongsberg para aguas profundas en inmediaciones de Punta Lobos, en esta oportunidad este trabajo de investigación presenta a adquisición, procesamiento e interpretación de los datos obtenidos. En la etapa de procesamiento se utilizó CARIS HIPS & SIPS 8.0 en la cual cuenta con herramientas que permite al hidrógrafo corregir errores que se pudieron haber presentado durante el levantamiento y así obtener un mejor resultado para posteriormente ser analizado. Esta campaña permitió ampliar y explotar el uso de equipamiento permitiendo generar un mayor conocimiento de nuestro dominio marítimo peruano, abriendo nuevos horizontes para la investigación oceanográfica. Se obtuvo información que muestran la correlación entre el comportamiento geomorfológico terrestre y oceánico. se observaron socavones provenientes desde tierra y formaciones rocosas con el mismo comportamiento que las del fondo marino, estos resultado ampliaron la descripción y la compresión de la imagen de columna de agua (WCI), así como también información de biomasa o análisis de hábitat.
  • Taxonomic review and meristic variation in marine sculpins (Osteichthyes:Cottidae) of the northeast Pacific Ocean

    Howe, Kevin M.; Richardson, Sally L. (U.S. NOAA National Marine Service, Northwest and Alaska Fisheries CenterSeattle, Washington, United States, 1978-09-30)
    Within the northeast Pacific Ocean (Baja California to the Aleutian Islands), 40 genera comprising 90 species of sculpins (Cottidae) have been recorded; this includes two members of the freshwater genus Cottus which are often found in nearshore marine waters. The species are listed and their distributions are indicated. At present, only one family, Cottidae, should be recognized for the sculpins. Each genus is discussed in terms of taxonomic problems and affinities and each is also diagnosed, indicating differentiating characteristics. Some genera should be synonymized and these are indicated although no formal synonymies are proposed at this time. In addition, other genera need to be studied as they appear closely related to other genera and might be synonymized without any loss of information. The species in some genera (i.e. Artediellus, Hemitripterus, Icelinus, Icelus, Malacocottus, Myoxocephalus, Triglops) are in serious need of study. Some of the species within these genera, as well as many species in other genera are noticably rare in museum collections. Each species within the northeast Pacific is also diagnosed and comments on depth distribution and relative rarity are provided. Meristic data compiled from museum specimens is provided for each genus as well as each species. Artificial keys to the cottid genera and cottid species in the northeast Pacific Ocean are included.
  • The Large Marine Ecosystem Approach: an Engine for Achieving SDG 14.

    Henshaw, Taylor; GEF LME:LEARN (UNESCOParis, France, 2017)
    A combination of anthropogenic and natural pressures is impacting the health and productivity of LMEs, compromising the sustainability of LME ecosystem services. These pressures are accelerating, and without concerted action their impacts could become irreversible.
  • Ocean Data and Information System- Concept paper summary.

    Spears, Tobias; Simpson, Pauline; Chandler, Cyndy; Michida, Yutaka; Pissierssens, Peter (UNESCO-IOCParis, France, 2017)
    This paper summarizes IOC document IOC/IODE-XXIV/6.2.1 (Ocean Data and Information System – Concept Paper), describing a recommended strategy to move towards the implementation of a universal marine data and information system in response to the 2016 external audit of the IOC and its activities. After considering the observations presented in the audit, identifying the root causes which have contributed to the current state of the marine data and information systems landscape, it is recommended that the IOC work with existing stakeholders, linked and not linked to the IOC, to improve the accessibility and interoperability of existing data and information, and to contribute to the development of a global ocean data and information system, to be referred to as the Ocean Data and Information System in this document, leveraging established solutions.

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