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dc.contributor.authorSadigh Eteghad, S.
dc.contributor.authorGhavami, S.
dc.contributor.authorMortazavi, J.
dc.contributor.authorMirzayi, H.
dc.coverage.spatialIranen_US
dc.coverage.spatialEast Azaebaijan Provinceen_US
dc.date.accessioned2018-02-16T09:55:25Z
dc.date.available2018-02-16T09:55:25Z
dc.date.issued2008
dc.identifier.issn1026-1354
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1834/11366
dc.description.abstractAnesthetic drugs are widely used aquaculture farms and can create consumption problems for humans, so there is a great need to safer drugs. With regard to long record of herbal drugs consumption in Iran and their benefits, we survey the possibility of using Valerian officinalis, Melissa officinalis, Papaver somniferum, and P. bracteatum as fish anesthetic. We provided, processed, and made consistent extractions of V. officinalis (2, 3 4g/lit), M. officinalis (5, 10, 15g/lit), P. somniferum (0.85, 1.6, 3.2g/lit) and P. bracteatum (0.3, 0.6, 0.9g/lit). We selected 60 goldfish Carassius auratus in the weight range of 7.41 plus or minus 0/2g, and the length range of 8.4 plus or minus 0/11cm and kept them in laboratory conditions under the same oxygen and temperature. The fish were divided into four groups each containing 15 fish and further into three subgroups of five fish each. During the experiments, two herbs P. somniferum and P. bracteaturn were eliminated from statistical analysis because of biased results. We found a significant correlation between the required time to reach level 4 of anesthesia and recovery using M.en_US
dc.language.isofaen_US
dc.relation.urihttp://isfj.areo.ir/en_US
dc.subject.otherAnaestheticsen_US
dc.subject.otherCarassius auratusen_US
dc.titleComparative survey on anesthetizing effects of medicinal herbs Valerian officinalis, Melissa officinalis, Papaver somniferum, and Papaver bracteatum on gold fish (Carassius auratus)en_US
dc.typeJournal Contributionen_US
dc.bibliographicCitation.issue1en_US
dc.bibliographicCitation.titleIranian Scientific Fisheries Journalen_US
dc.bibliographicCitation.volume17en_US
dc.description.statusPublisheden_US
dc.format.pagerangepp.91-98en_US
dc.subject.asfaChemical extractionen_US
dc.subject.asfaDrugsen_US
dc.subject.asfaAquaculture techniquesen_US
dc.subject.asfaFish Cultureen_US
dc.subject.asfaFreshwateren_US
dc.type.refereedRefereeden_US
refterms.dateFOA2021-01-30T18:48:24Z


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