The identification of best location for rehabilitation of coral stock (Acropora spp.) in the Larak island
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AbstractNutrients, organic matter and benthos communities of sea bed, health and growth of Staghorn corals (Acropora spp.) were investigated at two stations on the Lark Island from Jul.2012 to Feb.2013 seasonally. ANOVA test was used for the spatial and temporal variations in the studied between stations and seasons(95 percent confidence interval). Also,Principal Component Analysis (PCA) factor was used in order to identify the most important parameters influencing of coral growth. ANOVA test indicated difference between Biometrics new coral colonies at both the station and the old coral colonies in the West Island Station Lark in the summer and spring together with autumn and winter(P<0.05), Although there was no significant difference between autumn and winter(P>0.05). Salinity factor was similarity (P>0.05), but the factor of temperature was difference in the summer with other at both stations in all seasons (p<0.05). Diving observations indicated that adaptations of in the coral habitat at both stations is selected. In order to avoid of stress caused by fluctuations in temperature and salinity at both stations, Staghorn corals were distributed in the region away from the coastline. Also, these communities have chosen transverse expansion strategy a way to escape the stress of sea surface temperature fluctuations. Significant correlation was reported between temperature fluctuations and the development of the Lark island's coral bleaching. It also has been reported to the Persian Gulf corals are vulnerable to unusual changes in temperature and long term stress. Studied nutrients (nitrate, nitrite, phosphate and silicate) in front of Lark station had a higher amount of station of West Island.The results of nutrients (nitrate, nitrite, phosphate and silicate) did not show any difference in the previous studies in the larak coral ecosystems. Therefore, the probability of coral loses in front of Larak station, caused no recycling of materials, and increased accumulation of nutrients in the current situation. Benthos communities of bottom were differed (P<0.05), but the density of these communities, there were no differed in the two stations in the same season(P>0.05).The study of Gran size of seabed was showed the highest amount of sand in all seasons at both stations. Studies showed that, in the absence of environmental stress, the type of bottom sediments had as an important factor in the distribution and abundance of benthic organisms. Although coral life is not directly related to the richness of the seabed, but production in marine ecosystems directly and indirectly related to these communities, which is influential on the richness of these ecosystems. In studying Coral Watch method were concluded difference between indices used in seasons of summer and winter together, and with autumn and winter seasons (p<0.05), although no differences was observed between autumn and winter(p>0.05).The indices obtained in this study can be concluded the minimum stress during the period of the study was dominated ecosystems, also difference between summer and spring of this study could have been influenced by the effect of temperature on zooxanthella concentration. Two components were identified in this study using of principal component factor analysis to identification the most important parameters that influence the growth of corals. Also, the variability of each factor studied was different.Highest loading factor on the first component of turbidity, temperature and salinity, and the second component loading factor maximum nitrate, nitrite and phosphate are inversely associated with coral growth. According to consideration the ecological conditions were determined two area to rehabilitation stocks of Staghorn corals around the Lark Island by using ArcGis software.
Publisher or UniversityIranian Fisheries Science Research Institute
Series : Nr48222;