The Study of Production ARTEMIA Enrichment liquid SELCO1 &SUPER2 SELCO with Internal Capacities
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AuthorAsadpour, Yosief Ali
Nekoei fard, A.
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractArtemia as a live food has multiple applications in aquaculture. Artemia contains few unsaturated 3-omega fatty acids particularly eicozapentanoeic acid (EPA) and has no 6-omega fatty acids particularly decozahexanoeic acid (DHA), so Artemia naplious is enriched to improve its food values. The most famous enrichment emulsion are selco and super-selco made by Euro-American INVE company. This study was performed to make Artemia enrichment emulsions by internal potentials. At first, the final composition of Artemia enrichment emulsion (selco) was determined in Urmia university chemical analysis laboratory. Then, aquatic fishing resources in south of the country such as eye oil of tuna fish, shark liver, cuttlefish and plant oils of sunflower, olive and beef oil were used. Fatty acids profiles were analyzed by Gas Chromatography (GC). The results showed that cuttlefish may produce 13± 3 % wet weight of fatty acids. We made 3 enrichment oils which contained 60± 10 % of plant and animal oils. These suspensions fatty acids were analyzed and the results were compared with control sample. Field tests were performed on 200000 Artemia urmiana naplious by enriching the Artemia with enrichment emulsions and the products were analyzed by GC. The results indicated that the rate of emulsions absorbance in imported and internal samples were 37.47, 25.30, 18.88, 22.14 and 10.32 respectively. In the next stage, enriched Artemia naplious were fed as live food to 500 trout larvae in Ziveh Aquaculture Company as follows: Treatment 1- Control consisted of new feeding larvae fed by concentrated food Treatment 2- new feeding larvae fed by concentrated food plus un-enriched naplious Treatment 3- new feeding larvae fed by concentrated food plus selco oil enriched naplious Treatment 4- new feeding larvae fed by concentrated food plus emulsion-1 oil enriched naplious Treatment 5- new feeding larvae fed by concentrated food plus emulsion-2 oil enriched naplious Treatment 6- new feeding larvae fed by concentrated food plus emulsion-3 oil enriched naplious The results indicated that treatments 1, 2 had significant difference with treatments 3, 4, 5, 6 from survival rate, growth coefficient, obesity coefficient, total length, food conversion coefficient, final weight and protein percent. Abnormalities rates in treatments 1, 2 had significant difference with treatments 3, 4, 5 , 6 in which enriched emulsions were not used, but these indices had no significant difference with commercial samples which shows internal made emulsions can easily be used. The data were analyzed by one-way analyses variance and Duncan test in SPSS and EXCELL softwares. In conclusion, we can make enrichment selco oils in the country by internal potentials which the foreign samples can be replaced by them.
Publisher or UniversityIranian Fisheries Science Research Institute
Series : Nr46556;