Recent Submissions

  • Михаил Сергеевич Савич (05.07.1937 – 13.03.2018)

    Bragina, Tatiana M.; Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution "Azov Sea Research Fisheries Institute" (2018)
    В августе 1962 г. Михаил Сергеевич был принят в АзЧерНИРО на должность младшего научного сотрудника лаборатории нерыбных объектов и кормовой базы рыб, а через полгода переведен на должность и. о. старшего научного сотрудника этой же лаборатории. Знания и опыт молодого ученого вскоре получили признание и были востребованы не только в стране, но и за рубежом. Михаила Сергеевича неоднократно направляли в загранкомандировки, в т. ч. в Англию (1963 г.), дважды в Демократическую Республику Йемен (1970–1972 гг. и 1984–1986 гг.). В своей первой командировке в Йемене он принимал активное участие в становлении национальной рыбохозяйственной науки, в создании научно-исследовательской станции в г. Мукалла. В 1970-е гг. Михаил Сергеевич участвовал в научно-исследовательских рейсах в Индийский океан и Аденский залив, изучал первичную продукцию, планктонное и бентосное сообщество тропической зоны. Начиная с 1975 г., Михаил Сергеевич принимал активное участие в изучении продукционных процессов пелагиали и бентали Индоокеанского сектора Антарктики в ходе освоения ресурсов антарктического криля, исследовал продуктивность фитопланктона — важного объекта питания криля. Подводя итоги 25-летней научной работы М.С. Савича (1962–1987 гг.), руководство АзЧерНИРО отметило его высокие достижения в области исследования фитопланктона, макропланктона (включая криль), бентоса и ракообразных (креветки, лангусты), выполненные по результатам 9 научно-исследовательских экспедиций в Индийский океан, включая воды Антарктики. Результаты этих исследований изложены в 57 научных работах. 13 марта 2018 г. ушел из жизни прекрасный, отзывчивый человек, обладающий редкими деловыми качествами, трудолюбием, требовательностью к себе, коллегам, настойчивостью в достижении поставленных целей, широчайшим научным кругозором, высочайшим знанием предмета исследований, учитель молодежи. Коллеги и друзья Михаила Сергеевича помнят его как веселого и доброжелательного человека, который всегда был душой коллектива.
  • Надежда Павловна Помазанова (27.01.1930 – 05.03.2018)

    Bragina, Tatiana M.; Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution "Azov Sea Research Fisheries Institute" (2018)
    Надежда Павловна Помазанова прибыла в АзЧерНИРО и была принята на работу старшим научным сотрудником лаборатории океанографии. Сферой научных интересов Надежды Павловны стали исследования сложных процессов трехмерной циркуляции вод, фронтальных зон, гидрометеорологических условий и их изменчивости, образования на их основе районов повышенной биологической и промысловой продуктивности в открытых водах Индийского океана, в т. ч. в таких его регионах, как Аравийское море, Бенгальский и Персидский заливы, в Индоокеанском секторе Субантарктики у островов Кергелен и Крозе. Полученные ею результаты исследований некоторых закономерностей распределения промысловых объектов тропической зоны и Субантарктики (тунцов, макрелещуки, антарктического криля), связанных с изменениями факторов среды, нашли свое отражение в 44 публикациях и 40 отчетах. 5 марта 2018 г. ушла из жизни женщина, выбравшая нелегкий путь океанолога, ставшая прекрасным специалистом, посвятившим всю свою жизнь служению науке и обществу. В памяти коллектива, коллег Надежда Павловна Помазанова навсегда останется не только высококвалифицированным специалистом, но и отзывчивым, располагающим к себе человеком. Весь научный коллектив ЮгНИРО глубоко скорбит по этой невосполнимой потере.
  • Правила для авторов

    Bragina, Tatiana M.; Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution "Azov Sea Research Fisheries Institute" (2018)
    В Журнале печатаются ранее не опубликованные теоретические и экспериментальные работы по приоритетным направлениям фундаментальных и прикладных исследований в области изучения водных биоресурсов и среды их обитания, рыбного хозяйства, аквакультуры и воспроизводства водных биоресурсов, рыболовства и переработки водных биоресурсов, охраны и восстановления водных экосистем, международного сотрудничества, истории науки. Редакцией принимаются: теоретические и обзорные статьи; статьи, отражающие результаты завершенных оригинальных научных исследований; статьи, описывающие новые методы исследований; статьи по истории науки; краткие сообщения о научных находках, результатах экспедиций и т.п.; информация о материалах научных конференций, семинаров, совещаний; рецензии на монографии и книги; очерки, посвященные юбилеям ученых и памятным датам. Общие требования: материалы предоставляются в формате А4, параметр страницы – книжный, поля — по 25 мм с левой и правой сторон, сверху и снизу, в электронном виде. Текст должен быть набран гарнитурой Times New Roman, размер шрифта 12 pt, через 1,5 интервала, абзацный отступ 1,25. Формат файла: *.doc, или *.rtf (без макросов).
  • Анонс Международной конференции, посвященной 90-летию со дня основания ФГБНУ «АзНИИРХ»

    Bragina, Tatiana M.; Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution "Azov Sea Research Fisheries Institute" (2018)
    The International Scientific and Practical Conference will be dedicated to the 90th anniversary of the Azov Sea Research Fisheries Institute. The Conference program includes the following: the plenary session, dedicated to the issues of fisheries and environmental monitoring of aquatic ecosystems as well as activities within the three sessions. The principal sections are aquatic ecosystems state, utilization of the aquatic living resources, aquaculture and breeding of the aquatic biological resources. It is also scheduled to conduct the International Workshop "Fishery Issues in the Azov and Black Seas Basin".
  • К 80-летию со дня рождения выдающегося гидробиолога, доктора биологических наук, профессора Екатерины Ивановны Студеникиной

    Safronova, L.M.; Bragina, Tatiana M. (2018)
    Ekaterina Ivanovna Studenikina (1937–2013) was an outstanding hydrobiologist, Doctor of Biological Sciences, professor, Honoured Worker of Fisheries of the Russian Federation, Head of the Hydrobiology Laboratory and of the Department of Oceanography in the Azov Sea Research Fisheries Institute (1984–2013). E.I. Studenikina made an enormous contribution to the study of the Azov and Black Seas ecosystems; she was the author of numerous scientific works devoted to the problems of fisheries, formation and rational use of biological resources, ecology of water bodies of fishery value, etc.
  • История музея фауны и флоры Мирового океана Керченского филиала ФГБНУ «АзНИИРХ» и предложения по его развитию

    Kukharev, N.N.; Korzun, Yu.V.; Bragina, Tatiana M. (2018)
    The 60th anniversary of the Museum of Fauna and Flora of the World Ocean in the Kerch Branch of FSBSI “AzNIIRKH” is due in 2019. The foundation for the first exhibition was laid in 1959, when its only exhibits were formalin-fixed specimens of the commercial fish from the Azov and Black Seas. The exhibits of oceanic origin (sawfish, loggerhead sea turtle, etc.) were collected during the first expedition of Kerch fishermen on board of a large fishing freezer trawler “Zhukovskiy” in the Eastern Atlantic in 1958. The main part of the museum collection was established in the 1960–1980s; it consisted of the exhibits, collected from the numerous expeditions operating in the Indian Ocean and Antarctic during that period. Initially, the exhibition was temporarily placed in the AzCherNIRO lobby and corridors; however, the planned construction of a customized museum building was not carried into effect. From September, 2017 to March, 2018, the museum collections were relocated to the assembly hall of the institute. Today, over 1200 exhibits from the Azov and Black Seas Basin, Mediterranean, White and Red Seas, from the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans, as well as Antarctic waters are displayed in the museum collections. The greatest con tr ibution to th e museum collections was made by A.G. Grobov, E.P. Gubanov, V.F. Demidov, N.A. Ivanin, V.N. Chikov, K.P. Yanulov and other scientists. It is intended to change the museum status as a result of its upcoming registration according to the requirements of the Ministry of Culture. The most important goal is to restore and renovate the exhibits, prepared in the late 1960–1970s. Creation of a scientific unit — the Department of Taxonomy and Faunology of the Azov and Black Seas Basin and the World Ocean — within the museum structure is also of immediate interest; it will make it possible to assemble a unique collection of fish and non-finfish specimens of the Azov and Black Seas Basin and of invading species. It is also suggested to expand the museum collection with the exhibits that involve multiscale activities and practices of the institute as well as achievements of the national fishery science and fishing operations.
  • Промыслово-биологические показатели рыболовства для важнейших распределенных запасов водных биоресурсов Черного моря как основа их регионального оценивания

    Shlyakhov, V.A.; Shlyakhova, O.V.; Nadolinskiy, V.P.; Perevalov, O.A.; Bragina, Tatiana M. (2018)
    The current state of regional fisheries management for the most important stocks of aquatic biological resources in the Black Sea is considered. The data on length and age composition, catch, fishing intensity, and some biological parameters of the Black Sea sprat Sprattus sprattus phalericus (Risso), European anchovy Engraulis encrasicolus (L.), Black Sea horse mackerel Trachurus mediterraneus ponticus Aleev, Black Sea turbot Scophthalmus maeoticus (Pallas), red mullet Mullus barbatus ponticus Essipov, piked dogfish Squalus acanthias L., thornback ray Raja clavata L., whiting Merlangius merlangus euxinus (L.), Atlantic bonito Sarda sarda L. and veined rapa whelk Rapana venosa (Valenciennes) are presented for the Black Sea for the period from 2000 to 2017. In particular linear growth parameters and length-weight relationships are given for the Black Sea sprat, Black Sea turbot, thornback ray and the veined rapa whelk in the Russian and foreign waters of the Black Sea. It is shown that the piked dogfish catch structure evidences the low level of its exploitation in the Black Sea, which makes very doubtful the reliability of high regional assessments of fishing mortality, indicating overfishing of this species.
  • Опыт и проблемы искусственного воспроизводства гигантской креветки Macrobrachium rosenbergii (De Man, 1879) в условиях Крыма

    Statkevich, S.V.; Bragina, Tatiana M. (2018)
    Based on the results of the long-term studies of the characteristic features (reproduction, development and growth) of the giant prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii (De Man, 1879), methodology for an artificial ecosystem management is developed for the giant freshwater prawn culture under the ecological conditions of the Crimean Peninsula (the Black Sea, Russia). Optimum parameters for the culture medium and prawn stocking density at different stages of its ontogenesis were established, which allowed to intensify the life processes of the prawn. The obtained results provide an opportunity to improve biotechnological practices of the giant freshwater prawn cultivation and utilize natural and climatic resources of the peninsula to their full potential; they can also be used to create up-to-date farms. The main reasons for the decline in prawn abundance were identified. It is suggested that the development of pathologies and mortality cases was mainly caused by failure to meet the requirements of biotechnological standards of cultivation.
  • Питание Macrourus caml в море Росса (Тихоокеанский сектор Антарктики, подрайон 88.1)

    Misar, N.A.; Bragina, Tatiana M. (2018)
    The author's samples of the caml grenadier Macrourus caml feeding, collected on board the Russian longline fishing vessels carrying out fishing operations on the toothfish (with a demersal longline as a fishing gear) at the depths range of 620–1673 m in the central part of the Ross Sea, were used as the research material. The data were obtained during three fishing seasons: 2013/2014, 2015/2016 and 2016/2017. The specific nature of the grenadier feeding is emphasized for the reason that the major part of the grenadiers taken onboard had their stomachs extruded. Analysis of the stomach content showed that the key constituents of their food boli were small crustaceans (mostly Euphausia superba), cephalopods (mostly the glacial squid Psychroteuthis glacialis) and fish — 65.7, 12.4, and 14.8 % occurrence rate, correspondingly.
  • Первый случай обнаружения грегарин рода Nematopsis Schneider, 1892 у некоторых видов двустворчатых моллюсков Азовского моря

    Khorosheltseva, V.N.; Dudkin, S.I.; Bortnikov, E.S.; Frolenko, L.N.; Bragina, Tatiana M. (2018)
    Infection of the Azov Sea molluscs by gregarines Nematopsis sp. was investigated in relation to changes in ecological conditions (salinity increase) of the sea, which could lead to an expansion of the parasite areal. Methods of clinical examination and incomplete parasitological dissection were used to study parasites of bivalve molluscs Cerastoderma glaucum Bruguière, 1789, Mytilus galloprovincialis Férrussac, 1822, Mytilaster lineatus Gmelin, 1791, Anadara kagoshimensis Tokunaga, 1906 from different locations in the Azov Sea, Taganrog Bay, and Kerch Strait. The gregarines were not found in the Taganrog Bay as well as in the western part of the Azov Sea. Nematopsis sp. was registered in the Kerch Strait in M. galloprovincialis and in the southern part of the Azov Sea in A. kagoshimensis (meaning first record of these parasites in this host in the Azov Sea) with prevalence 35.3 and 13.3 %, respectively.
  • Приветственное слово директора Федерального государственного бюджетного научного учреждения «Азовский научно-исследовательский институт рыбного хозяйства» Николая Викторовича Господарёва

    Bragina, Tatiana M.; Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution "Azov Sea Research Fisheries Institute" (2018)
    It is the first issue of the scientific peer-reviewed journal “Aquatic Bioresources & Environment”, initiated under the auspices of the Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution “Azov Sea Research Fisheries Institute” (FSBSI “AzNIIRKH”). FSBSI “AzNIIRKH” is a basin institution of the Federal Agency for Fishery, carrying out multiscale research in the Azov and Black Seas, as well as in the adjacent continental water bodies. The research areas of the Institute include all the aspects of fisheries: studies on regularities of the biological resources stock dynamics, environmental monitoring of water bodies, aquaculture and mariculture technology, aquatic biological resources processing and design of fishing gear. All the research trends are investigated internationally, because both the Azov and Black Seas are water territories of interest for a number of states.
  • Петр Брониславович Танкевич (01.09.1943 – 09.02.2018)

    Bragina, Tatiana M.; Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution "Azov Sea Research Fisheries Institute" (2018)
    Сразу после окончания ОГУ Петр Брониславович был направлен на работу в АзЧерНИРО, где его зачислили в Лабораторию пелагических рыб на должность младшего научного сотрудника. На ранних этапах своей деятельности в институте П.Б. Танкевич занимался изучением биологии и распределения большеглазых тунцов Индийского океана, активно участвовал в научно-исследовательских экспедициях в Средиземное море и Индийский океан. Именно тогда он сформировался как ученый и специалист высокой квалификации, владеющий всем спектром методик изучения пелагических и донных комплексов ихтиофауны. За период с 1970 по 1980 г. он принял участие в 9 научно-исследовательских экспедициях, по результатам которых было опубликовано 14 научных работ. С 1980 г. П.Б. Танкевич направил все свои силы на изучение биологии и экологии мраморной нототении шельфа островов Кергелен и субантарктических поднятий Индийского океана. В 1994 г. Петр Брониславович перешел в Лабораторию рыбных ресурсов Азово-Черноморского бассейна, где ему было поручено вести исследования по биологии шпрота. Он и здесь показал себя как зрелый исследователь, успешно справляющийся с поставленными задачами. Весь огромный багаж накопленных знаний, все уникальные качества исследователя Мирового океана Петр Брониславович Танкевич успешно использовал, работая в последние годы преподавателем КГМТУ на кафедре «Водные биоресурсы и марикультура». Его знания и жизнелюбие ценили все: администрация, преподаватели и студенты. Уход из жизни Петра Брониславовича Танкевича — огромная потеря для отечественной морской науки, нашего института, для его коллег. Это тяжелейшая утрата для его друзей и близких.
  • Состояние качества водной среды и донных отложений озера Донузлав в современный период

    Zhugaylo, S.S.; Avdeeva, T.M.; Pugach, M.N.; Adzhiumerov, E.N.; Bragina, Tatiana M. (2018)
    Analysis of hydrochemical, chemical and toxicological features of water and bottom sediments in Lake Donuzlav (Crimea, Russia) according to the results of environmental monitorings conducted by the Kerch Branch of FSBSI “AzNIIRKH”, as well as according to the historical data collected by YugNIRO (Southern Scientific Research Institute of Fisheries and Oceanography) since 2000, is presented for the period from 2015 to 2017. Estimations of oxygen content in water, as well as BOD5 (biochemical oxygen demand) and the content of biogenic elements were made using standard practices, of heavy metals — using the method of atomic absorption spectrophotometry, of petroleum hydrocarbons – the method of infrared spectrophotometry. It is found out that the oxygen regimen of the southern Donuzlav L. was satisfactory for hydrobionts: the average annual contents of the dissolved oxygen varied within the range of 8.77–9.40 mg/l. It is shown that seasonal variations of the biogenic elements content are mainly predetermined by natural factors. In general, water aeration was good; however, the oxygen regimen was influenced by anthropogenic pressure, which resulted in relatively low dependency between oxygen saturation and water temperature. The long-term dynamics of the content of heavy metals and petroleum hydrocarbons in the water and bottom sediments of Lake Donuzlav is given. At present, the level of water pollution with heavy metals and petroleum hydrocarbons is rather low; however, there is a risk of aggravation of anthropogenic pressure impact on Lake Donuzlav ecosystem, which is evidenced by peak concentrations of some contaminants, observed in recent years. The increasing trend in mercury, copper and zinc content in the bottom sediments of the southern Lake Donuzlav is shown, as well as the decreasing trend in the content of iron, manganese, lead, chrome and petroleum hydrocarbons. The level of bottom sediments pollution in the central part of the lake is higher in comparison with its other areas, which is preconditioned by a higher sorption capacity of the bottom soil, containing high amount of fine particle fraction.
  • Рыбохозяйственные исследования России в Азово-Черноморском бассейне (к 90-летию ФГБНУ «АзНИИРХ»)

    Belousov, V.N.; Bragina, T.M.; Bugaev, L.A.; Rekov, Yu.I.; Bragina, Tatiana M. (2018)
    The paper provides an overview of the principal trends of fishery research in the Azov and Black Seas Basin from the beginning of the first investigations to the modern complex scientific research of aquatic organisms and their habitats, development of innovative approaches in their sustainable use and conservation. Commencement of the ichthyofauna studies is associated with the expeditions of the late XIX and early XX centuries. The Rostov branch of the Don-Kuban Scientific Station, founded in 1928, became the structural unit, which combined the efforts of scientists in order to study the aquatic ecosystems in the region. In connection with this date the Azov Sea Research Fisheries Institute celebrates its 90th anniversary in 2018. In the early years, mainly resource investigations were conducted to provide the foodstuffs for the population. Comprehensive scientific works were initiated with regard to the planned transformations of the Don River, including the construction of the Volga-Don Shipping Canal and the study of the possible impact of hydraulic structures on the ichthyofauna of the basin, as well as rapid development of the Azov and Black Seas and the Lower Don biological resources. The Institute was established in 1958 by the order of the Council of Ministers of the USSR on the basis of the All- Russian Scientific Research Institute of Fisheries and Oceanography (VNIRO). The main trends of fishery research in the Azov and Black Seas Basin currently include prediction of the state of aquatic biological resources and development of recommendations for sustainable development of the fishery industry, as well as monitoring of the aquatic ecosystems status and aquaculture development in the region.
  • Водные биоресурсы и среда обитания

    Bragina, Tatiana M.; Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution "Azov Sea Research Fisheries Institute" (FSBSI "AzNIIRKH"Rostov-on-Don, 2018)
    The scientific peer-reviewed journal “Aquatic Bioresources & Environment” is initiated under the auspices of the Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution “Azov Sea Research Fisheries Institute” (FSBSI “AzNIIRKH”), which is a basin institution of the Federal Agency for Fishery, carrying out multiscale research in the Azov and Black Seas, as well as in the adjacent continental water bodies. Various aspects of fisheries (studies on regularities of the biological resources stock dynamics, environmental monitoring of water bodies, aquaculture and mariculture technology, aquatic biological resources processing and design of fishing gear) are covered in the serial. An attempt is made to combine the best practices and knowledge in the sphere of fisheries in order to solve various academic and applicable issues.
  • Изменения в видовом составе и численности ихтиопланктона Азовского и северо-восточной части Черного морей за период 2006–2017 гг. под воздействием природных и антропогенных факторов

    Nadolinskiy, V.P.; Nadolinskiy, R.V.; Bragina, Tatiana M. (2018)
    Variations in species and quantitative composition of ichthyoplankton in the Azov Sea and the Russian part of the Black Sea due to changes in the environmental conditions are assessed. The ichthyoplankton investigations have been carried out in the Azov and Black Seas Basin for the last 50 years by means of an 80 cm mesh size conical plankton nets (CPN-80). The samples were collected on board the vessel proceeding at the speed of 3 knots every 5 or 10 minutes depending on the area of studies. It is found out that for the last 10–12 years, the ichthyoplanktonic community of the Azov Sea and north-eastern Black Sea (Russian Federation) has undergone taxonomic and quantitative changes, caused by natural factors and anthropogenic pressure. As a result of water salinity increase in the Azov Sea, only marine fish species at early developmental stages were found in the ichthyoplankton catches. The change in thermal regime of the north-eastern Black Sea facilitated spreading of warm water layer during the summer season and increase of reproductive performance of the summer-spawning species.
  • Инвазия двустворчатого моллюска Corbicula fluminea (O.F. Müller, 1774) (Bivalvia: Cyrenidae) в бассейн Нижнего Дона

    Zhivoglyadova, L.A.; Revkov, N.K.; Bragina, Tatiana M. (2018)
    The bivalve mollusk Corbicula fluminea (O.F. Müller, 1774), a recent invader into the basin of the Lower Don, was discovered in the Teplyj Canal (Warm Canal) of the Novocherkassk Hydroelectric Power Plant and in the adjacent stretch of the Don River in January 2017. The distribution of C. fluminea extended in the period from May to September of the same year; several live specimens of this species were found downstream from the mouth of the Manych River. Considering high invasive potential of C. fluminea and possible environmental and economic consequences of its mass development, it is recommended to monitor further spreading of the mollusk throughout the Don River system.
  • Проблема интегральной оценки токсического влияния на фотосинтетические организмы в водных экосистемах

    Barinova, S.S.; Bragina, Tatiana M. (2018)
    The article presents a methodical approach to the integral assessment of the toxic effect of various toxicants on photosensitive organisms. The toxic compounds, affecting aquatic organisms in general and the process of photosynthesis of proteins in particular, are characterized. Calculation of the new index WESI is based on the idea of residual concentrations of nitrogen and phosphorus nutrients in case of suppression of the photosynthetic process by toxic elements, namely, the activity of chlorophyll. Calculation of the index WESI is carried out using a simple formula based on the results of classification to the rank of concentrations of nitrate nitrogen or phosphates and saprobity indices S. A model for conducting an ecological classification from the ecosystem perspective for the purpose of calculating the index WESI is shown. Classification tables are presented for 9 ranks graded from the ecological point of view. A description of the ecosystem status index WESI that has been developed, a detailed procedure for its calculation, and examples of its application to various water bodies of Eurasia are given. The way of application of the index WESI in monitoring and environmental mapping is shown, as well as the criteria for its change for the decision-making system when assessing the state of a water body and for preserving the diversity of aquatic organisms under conditions of toxic effects on primary producers.