Recent Submissions

  • Proceedings of AzNIIRKH (results of fisheries studies in the Azov and Black Sea basin)

    Belousov, V.N.; Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution "Azov Sea Research Fisheries Institute" (Azov Sea Research Fisheries Institute (AzNIIRKH), 2017)
    Complex studies of bioresources, biological foundation of valuable fish species reproduction, aquaculture, ecological problems and nature protection measures in fishery waterbodies of the Azov and Black Sea Basin have been considered for the period 2014-2015.
  • On the growing young stellate sturgeon (Acipenser stellatus) of the Azov population by combined method in hatcheries of the Azov-Don Region

    Pavlyuk, A.A.; Gorbenko, E.V.; Burtasovskaya, L.A.; Panchenko, M.G.; Belousov, V.N. (2017)
    AzNIIRKH Proceedings
    The article deals with some aspects of raising young stellate sturgeon in a sturgeon hatchery of the Azov-Don region by applying a combined method. Hydrochemical parameters and feeding conditions during juveniles’ rearing in the sturgeon hatchery by a combined method are described; the stellate sturgeon growth rate is registered at the stage of early ontogenesis. The main problems arising during the incubation of the larvae in pools and rearing ponds have been revealed and the effects are shown of violation of technology exploitation in the ponds where stellate sturgeon fries are growing.
  • Evaluation of genetic diversity in Russian sturgeon breeders kept at the Don sturgeon farm “Azdonrybvod”

    Nebesikhina, N.A.; Lepeshkov, A.G.; Ivanova, E.A.; Timoshkina, N.N.; Belousov, V.N. (2017)
    AzNIIRKH Proceedings
    Genetic diversity has been assessed in the breeders of Russian sturgeon from the broodstock maintained in the Don sturgeon hatchery. Six individuals are revealed with the mitotype of Caspian origin. The breeders, produced and raised from eggs in the hatchery, have a trend to preserve new STR-alleles while the alleles specific to wild breeders disappear.
  • Practice of sturgeon spawners culture in the broodstocks at sturgeon farms of the Azov Sea Basin

    Gorbenko, E.V.; Panchenko, M.G.; Vorobieva, O.A.; Pavlyuk, A.A.; Bugaev, L.A.; Belousov, V.N. (2017)
    AzNIIRKH Proceedings
    The paper presents the long-term dynamics of the amount of sturgeon juveniles released. The data are presented on the five-year results of hatchery practice of females of the Russian sturgeon Acipenser gueldenstaedtii and the stellate sturgeon Acipenser stellatus from the broodstocks formed at sturgeon farms of the Azov Sea basin. The exploitation of the stellate sturgeon spawners of the Don population in the Azov-Don region has been analyzed since 2010.
  • Current status of artificially cultured juveniles’ recruitment in the Sea of Azov

    Gorbenko, E.V.; Gorbacheva, L.T.; Panchenko, M.G.; Vorobieva, O.A.; Pavlyuk, A.A.; Bugaev, L.A.; Belousov, V.N. (2017)
    AzNIIRKH Proceedings
    The article provides an analysis of monitoring data on the scale of recruitment of the Azov Sea Basin by juveniles of artificial generations. The current state of the material and technical base of hatcheries is assessed. The data on the long term development of the recruitment of anadromous and semi-anadromous juveniles are given. The need for a comprehensive approach to raise the level of artificial reproduction is described.
  • State and problems of artificial reproduction of Azov semi-migratory fish – bream (Abramis brama) and pike perch (Sander lucioperca)

    Gorbacheva, L.T.; Mirzoyan, A.V.; Gorbenko, E.V.; Kravchenko, Z.N.; Dakhno, L.G.; Grinchenko, M.G.; Belousov, V.N. (2017)
    AzNIIRKH Proceedings
    The data over the past 5 years are summarized on the release of semi-anadromous bream and pike-perch into a natural waterbody, as well as on their morpho-functional state before their downstream migration. The current state of hatcheries in the Azov-Don region is analyzed. Some aspects of saving these valuable fish species of the Azov Basin have been determined.
  • Status of reproduction of anadromous fish species (Russian sturgeon Acipenser gueldenstaedtii, stellate sturgeon Acipenser stellatus, vimba Vimba vimba, shemaya Chalcalburnus chalcoides mento) and prospects of fish ranching

    Gorbacheva, L.T.; Mirzoyan, A.V.; Vorobieva, O.A.; Burtasovskaya, L.A.; Panchenko, M.G.; Gorbenko, E.V.; Zipelt, L.I.; Pavlyuk, A.A.; Valiev, M.S.; Belousov, V.N. (2017)
    AzNIIRKH Proceedings
    Data are presented on the status of artificial reproduction and restocking success of the Azov Sea anadromous fish species over the last five years. The morphofunctional state of the juveniles is analyzed at the stage of their release into a natural waterbody; adaptive abilities of the juveniles to changing environmental conditions at the time of their migration into the sea are predicted. The wild anadromous migrating fish and sturgeon spawners from the broodstock are characterized and their reproductive potential is estimated. Some aspects are considered of improving the efficiency of reproduction (environmental) complex in order to preserve the most valuable aquatic biological resources of the Azov Sea, and the development of pasturable fish culture that is one of the priorities of aquaculture.
  • Evaluation of the azole pesticides toxicity to freshwater crustacean Daphnia magna Straus

    Fedorova, E.A.; Zinchuk, O.A.; Vlasenko, E.S.; Belousov, V.N. (2017)
    AzNIIRKH Proceedings
    A comparative assessment of the toxicity of the azole pesticide action on the processes of Daphnia life is made. It demonstrates the different intensity of toxic effects of the xenobiotics analyzed. The findings of chronic experiment allowed to determine inoperative and threshold concentration of the substances studied. It was found out that for the same content of active substance (metsulfuron-methyl) Singer showed great toxicity, which is caused by the presence of more toxic components in the mixture. It was concluded that in this case, more rational for the environment is the use of the herbicide Laren, as less dangerous to aquatic organisms studied.
  • The present level of pollution of the Black Sea by oil components

    Pavlenko, L.F.; Skrypnik, G.V.; Klimenko, T.L.; Anokhina, N.S.; Ekilik, V.S.; Evseeva, A.I.; Belousov, V.N. (2017)
    AzNIIRKH Proceedings
    The results are summarized of observations on the level of oil contamination of the water column and bottom sediments in the north-eastern Black Sea over the period 2011-2015. The spatial distribution of petroleum products in the Black Sea is presented for different seasons of 2014-2015.
  • Contamination of aquatic environment of the Azov Sea by petroleum components

    Pavlenko, L.F.; Klimenko, T.L.; Skripnik, G.V.; Anokhina, N.S.; Ekilik, V.S.; Evseeva, A.I.; Belousov, V.N. (2017)
    AzNIIRKH Proceedings
    The dynamics of the water and sediments pollution by petroleum components (hydrocarbons and resins) in the Azov Sea over the period 2011-2015 is presented. The spatial distribution of petroleum products in the Azov Sea in different seasons of 2014-2015 has been characterized.
  • Comparative analysis of radiocesium concentrations in the aquatic ecosystem components of the Azov and Black Sea basin in 2014-2015

    Mkhitaryan, I.D.; Belousov, V.N. (2017)
    AzNIIRKH Proceedings
    Research on cesium-137 concentrations in the water bodies of the Azov-Black Sea basin has been conducted. Comparative analysis of the results for the years 2014-2015 have shown that the specific volume activity of 137Cs in the Azov and Black Sea ecosystem is at the background level, typical of recent years, and agrees with its half-level period. The Chernobyl trace remains the main source of radioactive cesium as before.
  • Dependence of modern fungicides’ toxicity on their chemical structure with regard to fish at early stages of their development and zooplankton

    Shcherbakova, N.A.; Levina, I.L.; Zherdev, N.A.; Fedorova, E.A.; Stroeva, E.S.; Zinchuk, O.A.; Belousov, V.N. (2017)
    AzNIIRKH Proceedings
    Some modern fungicides belonging to five chemical classes and their acute toxicity to embryos and pre-larvae of sturgeon (sterlet, bester, sturgeon) and Daphnia have been studied. The relationship is found between the chemical structure and the toxicity of fungicides which has been defined by some toxicometric parameters. The degree of toxicity is found to depend on their chemical structure. It was detected that the most dangerous for sturgeon and zooplankton are the strobilurin fungicides and dithiocarbamates. Carboxamides of the last generation have a wide range of toxic effects - from high to low toxicity.
  • State of antioxidant protection and detoxification systems in the tissues of gobies and carp fish after exposure to fungicides of a new generation

    Levina, I.L.; Kuznetsova, L.Ya.; Shcherbakova, N.I.; Zinchuk, O.A.; Belousov, V.N. (2017)
    AzNIIRKH Proceedings
    The effect of two novel carboxamide fungicides, Ethaboxam and Boscalid, on round goby fry and carp fingerlings has been studied. Boscalid is characterized to be highly toxic when applied to round goby fries, Ethaboxam is of medium toxicity to commercial fish species. In the early stages of intoxication (1st - 4th day) the threshold concentrations of the fungicides acted as stressors and resulted in the stimulation of protective systems of the antioxidant protection and detoxification in the liver and gills of carp and round goby tissues, which hindered the development of fungicide intoxication. Intensification of lipid peroxidation processes led to the inhibition of superoxide dismutase activity alongside with the increased activity of catalase, esterases, glutathione-S-transferase, while glutathione content in fish tissues decreased gradually.
  • Present-day level of the Azov Sea ecosystem pollution by organochlorine pesticides

    Korotkova, L.I.; Sevostianova, M.V.; Belousov, V.N. (2017)
    AzNIIRKH Proceedings
    The amount of organochlorine pesticides has been monitored in the water, bottom sediments and some commercial fish species in the Azov Sea over the years 2014-2015, and the results are presented. There were found some locations with increased concentrations of toxicants in the sea water and bottom sediments. Spatial distribution of OCP in the Azov Sea in different seasons of 2014-2015 is characterized.
  • Accumulation of organochlorines by the Black Sea commercial fish species in 2014-2015

    Korotkova, L.I.; Belousov, V.N. (2017)
    AzNIIRKH Proceedings
    The comparative results of studies on the accumulation of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in tissues and organs of various Black Sea commercial fish species over the years 1993-2013 and 2014-2015 are presented. No significant decrease in OCPs and PCBs has been observed. However, in 2015 the OCP and PCB concentrations exceeded admissible concentrations set by “Hygienic requirements for safety and nutritional value of foods. SanPiN “. Persistent penta- and hexachlorbiphenyls have been identified in the fish organs and tissues, among those some dangerous dioxin congeners have been detected.
  • Comparative characteristics of water, sediments and some fish species pollution with heavy metals in the Lower Don and water reservoirs of Manych cascade in 2014-2015

    Korablina, I.V.; Katalevskiy, N.I.; Gevorkyan, J.V.; Belousov, V.N. (2017)
    AzNIIRKH Proceedings
    Average results are presented on the content of heavy metals in water, sediments and fish (bream and crucian carp) in the Lower Don and natural reservoirs of the Manych Cascade of Rostov Region for the period 2014-2015. A comparative analysis is made of the water and sediments pollution by heavy metals in the Don River, Veselovskoye and Proletarskoye Reservoirs with regard to maximum permissible (MPC) and average specific concentrations. A comparative assessment is given of the levels of accumulation of heavy metals in fish and its habitat in accordance with the Russian regulations.
  • Pollution by pesticides of the Azov Sea coastal waters in 2014-2015

    Valiullin, V.A.; Karpushina, Yu.E.; Zinchuk, O.A.; Bugaev, L.A.; Voykina, A.V.; Belousov, V.N. (2017)
    AzNIIRKH Proceedings
    In 2014-2015, active ingredients of 16 pesticides belonging to new classes in the coastal waters of the Azov Sea were studied. There was found a significant increase in the concentrations of the substances in question compared to previous years.
  • Population status and prospects of fishing goldfish (Carassius gibelio Bloch, 1782) in the Russian part of the Azov Basin

    Cherednikov, S.Y.; Lukyanov, S.V.; Chepurnaya, T.A.; Vlasenko, E.S.; Zhivoglyadov, A.A.; Belousov, V.N. (2017)
    AzNIIRKH Proceedings
    Based on the 30-year authors' own research and fishery statistics in 2015, dynamics of catches, population structure, stock and fishery prospects for goldfish are described for the Azov Sea.
  • Communities of gelatinous plankton in the north-eastern Black Sea in the modern period

    Khrenkin, D.V.; Martynyuk, M.L.; Belousov, V.N. (2017)
    AzNIIRKH Proceedings
    Data are presented on the species composition, abundance, biomass, size structure and seasonal dynamics of gelatinous plankton. The features of the population growth in 2015 are described. The development of the gelatinous plankton in the north-eastern Black Sea that year was without any deviations and typical of the last years.
  • Status of Pontogammarus maeoticus (Sovinskyi) population in the Russian littoral zone of the Azov Sea in 2014-2015

    Spivak, E.G.; Belousov, V.N. (2017)
    AzNIIRKH Proceedings
    In 2014-2015 the study on the state of pontogammarus population was conducted. The density and biomass of the gammarus, their average length and weight were determined, as well as the percentage of juvenile and mature individuals, including females. These materials show that the state of the population is stable and satisfactory in the Russian littoral zone of the Azov Sea.

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