Recent Submissions

  • La reproducción de la merluza en el Mar Argentino (Merlucciidae, Meluccius merluccius hubbsi) : 2. La reproducción de la merluza y su relación con otros aspectos biológicos de la especie

    Christiansen, H.E.; Cousseau, M.B. (1971)
    The paper deals with the spawning cycle of the hake, Merluccius merluccius hubbsi in the fishing area of the Argentine fleet, SW Atlantic (35°- 46° L. S.: 53°- 63° L.W.; 30-160 fathoms depth). It was made on the basis of the weekly sampling of the commercial catch in the period January 1965 - March 1968. The results have been compared with those of the exploratory surveys made by the United Nations Fisheries Development Program (República Argentina - FAO). The histological study, which was made with 741 specimens, was most intensive in females than in males. The results have been compared with the sexual stage determinations of both sexes in the total samples during the period before mentioned. The conclusions are: 1. The analysis of the ovocytes frequency distributions showed a period of resting or slow recuperation (April - August) with a mode of 120 ~k and one of rapid transformation (October - December) from 120 μ tíll 830 ~k. After December it appears again the mode of 120 ~k which indicated the reserve stock. 2. The maturity factor shows in both sexes a period of low values , 0,52 to 2% (April - September) and, another with higher values (October - March). In the first period the values are concentrated, while in the second one a large dispersion is observed produced by the rapidity of the growth process of the gonads. It is more evident between November and December. 3. The liver weight variations, compared with the degree of ingestion and the values of the maturity factor, in time, demonstrated that: a) after two periods of abundant ingestion (March - April and October- November) there are two increases of the liver index; b) the increase of the Iiver index has a direct relation to the maturity factor; c) at the end of the summer season, when the values of the maturity factor decrease, those of the liver index are still high. This demonstrates that the hake does not arrive exhausted at the end of the spawning season and that a rapid recuperation for a new spawning by part of the stock is possible. 4. Females predominate in the samples during most of the year. In the period October - December, when sexual activation occurs, as it is demonstrated by the high values of the maturity factor, proportions are nearly 1 :1, and males at times are more numerous than females. 5. The analisys of the advaneed maturity stages, in relation to total length shows that in the hake, Iike in other fishes, the largest ones mature first. This applies for both sexes. 6. The study of the maturity factor values and the sexual stages of the samples allows the recognition of two spawning periods, the main one in summer (October - March) and another in winter (June - July). 7. Part of the summer spawners, with a rapid recuperation, should be able to spawn again in winter. This indicates that the hake population, acording to our samples, has two different possibilities of spawning. 8. After analysis of the frequency percentages composition of mature specimens it is concluded that during the summer season, when hake is fished in shallow waters and in a wide area (38°– 43° L.S.) the fleet is fishing on the spawning stocks. Some winter spawners specimens have been found at 37°- 38° L.S. and in waters of more than 100 fathoms depth. 9. A new maturity scale of seven stages is proposed, instead of the one of six stages now in use. The new added stage corresponds to the postspawners during its resting period.
  • Seminario sobre ciencias básicas como prerequisito para la enseñanza de la oceanografía (1-2 octubre de 1962)- Seminario sobre biogeografía de los organismos marinos (3-6 octubre de 1962)

    Instituto de Biología Marina (1964)
    Por acuerdo del Seminario Latinoamericano sobre Estudios Oceanográficos realizado en la Universidad de Concepción, Chile, 20-25 noviembre de 1961, se recomendó la realización en Argentina de un Seminario sobre Biogeografía de Organismos Marinos, indicándose al Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales Bernardino Rivadavia como sede del mismo. Luego de varias conversaciones en Buenos Aires (Argentina), entre autoridades del Centro de Cooperación Científica para América Latina, del CONICET (Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas), del Servicio de Hidrografía Naval, del mencionado Museo y del Instituto de Biología Marina de Mar del Plata, se acordó realizar los seminarios en éste último instituto del 1 al 6 octubre de 1962. Del 1 al 2 de octubre, se realizó el Seminario sobre Ciencias Básicas como prerrequisito para la Enseñanza de la Oceanografía, pero los documentos no fueron incluídos en este Boletín. Del 3 al 6 de octubre, tuvo lugar el Seminario sobre Biogeografía de Organismos Marinos, con la participación de investigadores de: Brasil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Chile, Mexico, Perú, Uruguay, Venezuela y de Argentina, y se incluyeron los siguientes trabajos publicados: Joly, A. - Extensao da flora marinha no sul do Brasil- nota preliminar; Etcheverry Daza, H. - Distribución geográfica de las algas del Pacífico; Diaz-Piferrer, M. - Biogeografía de las algas marinas tropicales de la costa Atlántica de America, Resumen,; Kuhneman, O. - Importancia de la vegetación en biogeografía marina; Boschi, E.E. - Los peneidos de Brasil, Uruguay y Argentina; Bernasconi, I. - Distribución geográfica de los equinoideos y asteroideos de la extremidad austral de Sudamérica; Szidat, L. - La parasitología como ciencia auxiliar para la biogeografía de organismos marinos; López, R.B. - Problemas de la distribución geográfica de los peces marinos sudamericanos; Ximénez, I. - Estudio preliminar de la distribución geográfica actual de los pinípedos en América Latina; Balech, E. - La división zonal en biología marina y su nomenclatura; Stuardo, J. - Distribución de los moluscos marinos litorales en Latinoamérica; Boltovskoy, E. - Provincias zoogeográficas de América del Sur y su sector Antártico según los foraminíferos bentónicos; Rioja, E. - Caracteres de la biogeografía marina de México y de Centro América; Balech, E. - Caracteres biogeográficos de la región de Argentina y Uruguay; Vannucci, M. - Zoogeografía marinha do Brasil.
  • La reproducción de la merluza en el Mar Argentino (Merlucciidae, Meluccius merluccius hubbsi) : 1. Descripción histológica del ciclo del ovario de merluza

    Christiansen, H.E. (1971)
    The present paper deals on the histological description of the hake ovary made on the basis of gonad observations of 394 females during the period April 1966 March 1967. The material was obtained from weekly sampling of commercial catches carried out at the Institute of Marine Biology (Prov. Buenos Aires, Argentina). The anatomical and histological description of the standard ovary and the adopted terminology are given. The maturation process is divided into five periods, from ovocyte formation to yolked ovocyte formation, with its histological description. Ovary changes are analyzed on detail. The following conclusions were outlined: 1. Analysis demonstrated that although some specimens were totally spawned others, at the end of the spawning period, retaining a great number of ovocytes in different maturity stages. Therefore, postspawners have been classified as follows: Postspawned II : This stages is characterized by the empty ovarian structure, with ovocytes in stage II, which will remain in the resting phase untill next spawning season. Postspawned III and IV: Their main characteristics are: tissue destruction, bloody residuals and remaining ovocytes in stage III and IV, respectively. 2. Some transformations were found in ovaries of postspawned III and IV. They are classified as follows, according to its origin and structure: Developed from follicular cell membrane – a) Glandular formations, b) Epiteloid formations - Originated from remaining ovocytes, c) Ovocyte disintegration, d) Ovocyte with follicular cell infiltration. 3. All those structures derived from postpawners III and IV have a temporary character and will be reabsorbed. Their presence delay the recuperation of the organ and its reproductive functions. Consequently, the possibility of those structures acting as control mechanisms is suggested. 4. Transformations pointed out in paragraph Nº 2 prevent the possibility of consecutive spawning originated from the remaining ovocytes (II and IV). 5. No structures originated from postspawners III and IV were found during summer season. 6. Reproductive cycle of hake has been described monthly. It was observed that maturing ovaries predominate in summer (November-December).
  • Taxonomía y distribución de los poliquetos pelágicos del Atlántico Sudoccidental

    Orensanz, J.M.; Ramirez, F.C. (1973)
    This work is based on the analysis of 420 planktonic samples of 7 oceanopraphic cruises distributed over the Argentine, Uruguayan and South brasilian continental shelf (SW Atlantic ocean), as well as from some oceanic sectors, adjacent to the continental slope. Vertical hauls were performed in all stations from 100 m depth to surface, except in the Walter Herwig cruise (where vertical hauls were predominantly performed out of slope sectors, between 300 and 500 m depth to surface) and Productividad cruise in which only surface waters were hauled. A list of 27 species are determined, corresponding to 5 families: Iospilidae (3 species), Lopadorrhynchidae (4), Alciopidae (9), Typhloscolecidae (5) and Tomopteridae (6). Larvae and epitokous forms of benthonic species are not taken into account. The genus Iospilus is revised, Pariospilus and Iospilopsis being considered their synonyms; the identity of Pariospilus affinis Viguier is maintained, being transferred to the genus Iospilus. The species Vanadis studeri Apstein is redescribed and its synonymy is established. The taxonomic value of the apical glands of Tomopteris species is discussed and some specimens are found to coincide with T. kefersteini in relation to the mentioned glands. All the species found in this work are described and illustrated, a systematic key being added for their identification. Considering the vertical nature of the hauls, it was not possible to specify the habitats of the different species; for this reason they are grouped as species from subtropical and subantartic areas of influence. The first group, made up of 17 species, shows and evident graduation in its latitudinal distribution, some of them being more restricted in their distribution than the others. The second group, of 4 species, is found south to the tropical convergence, in transitional waters, towards cold sectors. The third group, of 6 species, is found to be distributed all along the continental shelf, in subtropical and subantartic regions, and extending their distribution northwards, possibly related to deep water levels. The general scheme is coincident with the distribution of other planktonic groups (Copepods, Euphausiids). As a general feature, neither coastal nor shelf water specimens of pelagic Polychaeta were found, with exception of T. septentrionalis. A comparison with the results in Tebble's paper (1960) in the southwest Atlantic ocean is made, 12 of our species being coincidently found in the same hydrological area by that author. The drift of the main water masses of the South Atlantic ocean is accepted as a possible cause for the distribution of the pelagic Polychaeta of the southwest Atlantic regions.
  • Observaciones sobre la reproducción, desarrollo embrionario y larval de la anchoíta argentina (Engraulis anchoita)

    Ciechomski, J.D.de (1965)
    The first studies on the problems related to the reproduction of marine fish in Argentina (SW Atlantic ocean) have been carried out with a species of great economic importance, the anchovy (Engraulis anchoita Hubbs and Marini). The spawning period of this species during the period 1963-64 has been determined. By the application of the quantitative collection method, it has been established that spawning commenced in the areas close to the coast during the first few days of September and at a water temperature of 10,3° C and reached its greatest intensity in October (up 1569 eggs/1 square metre surface water) at a temperature varying between 11,5-13,8° C. From the middle of November the anchovy continues to reproduce in a less intensive form and further out to Sea, up to at least the month of May. The intensity of reproduction reaches a peek in February, and at a water temperature of 20° C. It is believed that two physiologically distinct populations of Engraulis anchoita may exist, the first reproducing in Spring and the second in Autumn. It has been established that a daily spawning rhythm occurs, between the hours of 8 and 12 p. m. During this period it was possible to obtain mature females with which artificial fertilization was performed. The rate of development was determined, which at a temperature of 14-15° C is from 69-72 hours, and at a temperature of 19-20° C from 50-53 hours. A temperature of 49° C was found be lethal. The different embryonic and larval stages of development are illustrated diagramatically and individually described. The preliminary studies on the larvae and juveniles caught in the Sea during the period of reproduction led to the formulation of certain conclusions whith reference that the juveniles, as yet larvae, begin to group together at an early age, and the younger individuals the more uniform are the schoals whith regards to the total size of the specimens. It has shown that the anchovy during its first year of life tends to display littoral behaviour.RESUMEN EN ESPAÑOL:Los primeros estudios de los problemas referentes a la reproducción de los peces marinos en la Argentina (océano Atlántico sudoccidental) se han efectuado sobre una especie de gran importancia económica, Engraulis anchoita Hubbs y Marini. Se ha determinado la época de desove de la anchoíta en un período anual 1963-64. Aplicando el método de recolección cuantitativo se ha establecido que el desove de esta especie ha empezado en las zonas muy cercanas a la costa, en los primeros días de setiembre a la temperatura 10,3° C y ha alcanzado mayor intensidad en octubre (hasta 1569 huevos en 1 m2 de la superficie del agua) a la temperatura 11,5°-13,8° C. Desde mediados de noviembre la anchoíta sigue reproduciéndose en forma poco intensiva y más mar afuera, hasta por lo menos el mes de mayo. La intensidad de reproducción para este segundo período alcanza un pico, aunque muy pequeño en febrero a la temperatura 20° C. Se hace la suposición de que pueden existir dos de distintas características fisiológicas poblaciones de Engraulis anchoita una de reproducción primaveral y otra de reproducción otoñal. Además se ha establecido que existe un ritmo diario de desove que comprende las horas 20-24. En las horas de postura se pudo conseguir hembras maduras y con sus productos sexuales se efectuó la fecundación artificial. Se determinó la velocidad de desarrollo que a la temperatura 14°-15° C es de 69-72 horas y en la temperatura 19°- 20° C es de 50-53 horas. La temperatura 4° resultó ser letal. Se realizaron dibujos y descripciones correspondientes a los distintos estadios embrionarios y larvales. Los estudios preliminares de las larvas y juveniles de la anchoíta, capturados en el mar en la época de reproducción, permitieron sacar ciertas conclusiones sobre el crecimiento en sus primeros meses de vida. Se observó que los juveniles, larvas todavía, empiezan a agruparse muy temprano y cuanto más jóvenes son los individuos, tanto más uniformes son los cardúmenes en las dimensiones de los ejemplares. Se demostró que la anchoíta en su primer año de vida tiene costumbres muy costeras.
  • Contribución al estudio biológico de Loligo brasiliensis Bl

    Castellanos, Z.J.A. de (1967)
    A total of 592 individuals of Loligo brasiliensis from the Mar del Plata coastal fishing area (Buenos Aires prov., Argentina) have been studied during the 1961-1964 period. From a morphological point of view the population appears to be uniform and homogeneus. A brief description of this species is given in this paper since references in the literature are scarce from the time at which Blainville (1923) first described it. The only further references are found in D'Orbigny (1835), and Ferrusac (1839), and in Hoyle (1886), and Tyron Pilsbry (1879). In this paper the species was mentioned only as a bibliographical reference on morphological or biological conditions has been found in the literature. The distribution of this species ranges from Cuba, Brazil, Uruguay to the Argentine coast, probably down to the Gulf of San Jorge. The samples had been studied with respect to various body measurements by classifing the individuals in total length classes, since body length was considered the most significant measurement. The condition factor K has been calculated for different sexes and ages, for the various length classes. The results lead to the conclusion that the smaller the length the higher is the value obtained for K and viceversa. This is due to the fact that the length of the tentacle increases considerably with increasing size. Since the tentacle are quite light the factor K diminishes accordingly. The condition factor increases considerably from December to April with an average of 0.42, decrease and becomes stable from March to October, with an average of 0.30. This is a consequence of the ripening of the sex glands. The sex-ratios are as following: year 1961, 42 % female, 42 % male; year 1962, 51 % female, 45 % male; year 1963, 46 % female, 53 % male; year 1964, 26 % female, 42 % male, 32 % indif. The great percentage of 72 undifferentiated young individuals in the 1964 (March) sampling increases the ratio of undifferentiation. A short morphological description of both ovules and spermatozoos is given. An examination of the sex glands leads to the following conclusions: a) male and female sex gland in a preparatory stage during the whole year; b) the highest percentage of ripe glands is found through, November-March; e) the spawning appears to precede rather slowly, but this certain since the spawning environment does not coincide with the natural habitat of the species. Few spawning individuals were found; d) sexual differentiation begins at body lenght from 30 to 40 mm; i.e. a total length of approximately 145 mm. At a body length of 70 mm. the hectocotilication (sexual character) begins to appear. In June 1962, a sample gathered at Rawson (Chubut) was analyzed. The conclusion was reached that the sex glands in this population are in an earlier stage of development in comparison with those from the Mar del Plata area. Also the average for the factor K which were found to be 0.17 for females and 0.19 for male, are rather low for that date. These physiological facts are possibly related to morphological differences which will be pointed out in a forthcoming publication. Some very typical associations with Artemesia longinaris and Percophis brasiliensis were found. Cannibalism has been observed.
  • Contribución al conocimiento biológico del calamar argentino Illex illecebrosus argentinus

    Castellanos, Z.J.A. de (1964)
    The present work deals with the biological study of the squid Illex illecebrosus argentinus of the Buenos Aires area (Argentina) in the southwest Atlantic ocean. According to recent research (Voss, pers. comm.) the squid obtained in commercial fishing in the waters off Buenos Aires Province (Castellanos), which in proper of the S.W. Atlantic. The material studied comes from commercial fishing done in in two sectors: one ranging from 36~' to 37~' S, and the other from 39~' to 42~' S in latitude, while both extend from 55~' to 62~' W in longitude. The fishing area varies during the years, being located more towards the North in summer and more towards the South in winter, following the fishing of hake. The number of individuals studied was 186. Their total length ranged from 195 mm to 670 mm for both sexes. The sampling showed that the males had lesser length and weight than the females: that is, a secondary sexual dimorphism was observed. At the length of 240 mm the squid reaches its sexual maturity. Sexual activity is observed the year around, but not simultaneously for the whole population, that is to say, spawning does not take place en masse but, on the contrary, it occurs during a prolonged period. In summer, from December to March, the greatest spawning period is observed. This takes place in the same habitat for the whole squid population. The squid herein studied is a cold water species, the water temperature ranging from 5~' to 12~' C in the sites of the largest catches. The squid is caught at depths ranging from 7 to 250 meters with a trawl net. In Patagonian waters, somewhat smaller individual are caught with 'poteras' at depths ranging from 1 to 8 fathoms.
  • La estructura y reproducción de Acanthococcus antarcticus Hooker et Harvey

    Joly, A.B.; Cordeiro, M.; Yamaguishi, N. (1964)
    The present paper gives a full description of the organization of Acanthococcus antarcticus Hooker et Harvey, a not well known member of the Rhodophyllidaceae as well as gives for the first time description of the male and tetrasporic plants. Detailed organization of the carpogonial branches, spermatia and tetraspores is also presented. Nineteen figures illustrate the text (material collected at Deseado port, Santa Cruz prov., Argentina). The following text is the content of the discussion. From the description it is possible to confirm the position of Acanthococcus in the Rhodophyllidaceac as was done by Kylin (Kylin 1960, p. 290 et seg.). It has many similarities in the development of the carpogenic branches and in the formation of spermatia as well in the production of the zonately divided tetrasporangia with the genera of the family whose reproduction is known; Cystoclonium purpureum (Hudson) Batters and Rhodopyllis bifada (Good. et Woodw.) Kützing (Kylin 1923); Calliblepharis jubata (Good. et Woodw.) Kützing (Kylín 1928) and Craspedocarpus erosus (Hook. et Harvey) Sehmitz (Kylin 1932). Apparently the distinguishing feature of Acanthococcus is the structure of the vegetative frond, with the abundant development of rhizoidal filaments in the medula, besides the characteristic appendages of the cystocarps. Harvey's figure (Harvey 1847, P. 181, Fig. 3) of the tranverse section of the plant shows the central portion composed of a dense small-celled medula limited by a region of large cells which is externally covered by a small-celled cortex. As we have seen the small-celled filaments are not restricted to the central portion, but extend into the large-celled portion and can reach the cortex. On the other hand, the eros section of Acanthococcus depicted by Kützing (Kützing 1867, T. 93, Fig. h, under Callophyllis antartica), apparently belongs to another plant, so different in the structure when one compares his figure with Harvey's and the ones in this paper.RESUMEN EN ESPAÑOLEste trabajo presenta una completa descripción de la organización de Acanthococcus antarcticus Hooker et Harvey, un miembro poco conocido de las Rodofilidáceas, así como presenta por primera vez descripciones de las plantas masculinas y de las tetraspóricas. También por primera vez es presentada la organización detallada de las ramas carpogoniales, de los espermecios y de las trásporas. Diecinueve figuras completan el texto (material coleccionado en Puerto Deseado, Prov. Santa Cruz, Argentina).
  • El plancton de Mar del Plata durante el período 1961-1962 (Buenos Aires, Argentina)

    Balech, E. (1964)
    The first part presents a general picture of the composition of the coastal plankton near Mar del Plata (Buenos Aires prov., Argentina) between August 1961-August 1962. Especially noted is the abundance of Noctiluca from October to the end of March. The second part deals with the plankton collected during a short cruise, named Operación Mar del Plata 1, planned to survey coastal waters. In the third part the author gives the descriptions of some new or interesting species. A chain-forming Gymnodinium is reported as G. catenatum; some differences with Graham description, could be due to the fact that he studied only preserved material. Oblea baculifera is a new species belonging to the new genus Oblea, of the Diplopsalis group, created for some species previ¬ously known as Peridiniopsis. A key of the included species is given. The other new species are Peridinium aspidiotum, P. anomaloplaxum, P. lipopodium and Gonyaulax fratercula, all of them carefully described and depicted. Sticholonche zanclea (Radiolaria), Calsiosolenia sinuosa (Coccolithophoridae) and Tintinnopsis levigata (Tintinnida) are reported for the first time in the South-Atlantic. For T. levigata ?, Balech, 1939, a new name has been created: T. tregouboffi. Some unknown details of the protoplasm of the silicoflagellate Dictyocha octonaria are described. In the fourth part the author compares the plankton taken in Mar del Plata with the previously studied at Pto. Quequén. The plankton of March-April points to an invasion of oceanic warm waters from the Brazilian Current System.
  • Los camarones comerciales de la familia Penaeidae de la costa atlántica de América del Sur. Clave para el reconocimiento de las especies y datos bioecológicos

    Boschi, E. E. (1963)
    Este estudio está orientado a identificar correctamente las especies comerciales, evitar los errores que surgen como consecuencia de confundir las especies en los muestreos utilizador en los trabajos de bioestadística y por ende en la estimación del efectivo de las poblaciones. Los peneidos comerciales del litoral Atlántico de Sudamérica son fáciles de reconocer, con excepción de los representantes del género Penaeus, que en algunos casos puede ofrecer ciertas dificultades debido a la similitud en la morfología externa. Se espera que este estudio sea una contribución útil a biólogos pesqueros, pescadores y técnicos que tienen una actividad relacionada con la pesca. Hasta el presente existen sólo siete especies de camarones de la familia Penaeidae de valor comercial en aguas de Colombia, Guayanas, Venezuela, Brasil, Uruguay y Argentina.
  • La familia Podolampacea (Dinoflagellata)

    Balech, E. (1963)
    Este estudio tiene como finalidad dar a conocer la tabulación de los géneros Blepharocysta y Podolampas, hacer un estudio detallado de sus especies, contribuir al conocimiento de la distribución geográfica, sentar las bases para establecer sus relaciones filogenéticas con otros dinoflagelados y probar la unidad de la familia. Este trabajo constituye una revisión completa de todas las especies conocidas.
  • Alimentación de la merluza en la región del talud continental argentino, época invernal (Merlucciidae, Merluccius merluccius hubbsi)

    Angelescu, V.A.; Cousseau, M.B. (1969)
    In the present paper the first results on the food and feeding habityas of hake in the region of the Argentinean continental slope are given. The data were obtained from the hake sampling made on board of the German research ship "Walther Herwig" during his first fishing exploratory trip in the Southwest Atlantic and from the investigation on the collected hake's stomachs.
  • Estudio biologíco pesquero del camaron Artemesia longinaris Bate de Mar del Plata

    Boschi, Enrique E. (1969)
    This consisted on the examination of approximately 31.000 specimens obtained from the commercial fishery in the region of Mar del Plata, between Cabo Corrientes and Punta Mogotes (Fig.3) and some complementary material of this area and its vicinities was also included. Living adult animals were also obtained and larvae and postlarvae of this species were separated from the plakton collected during several trips carried on by boats of coastal fleet. These trips allowed the study of the conditions of catches, and the selectivity of both net and fisherman. The aims of this work were to study the migrations, growth, sexual cycle, nutrition, behaviour, mortality and fishing of this important crustacean of commercial interest.
  • Huevos y larvas de tres especies de peces marinos, Anchoa marinii, Brevoortia aurea y Prionotus nudigula

    Ciechomski, J.D.de (1968)
    The description of the embryonic and early larval stages of three species of marine fishes: the anhovy, Anchoa marinii, the menhaden Brevoortia aurea and the gurnard, Prionotus nudigula is given. The time required from the fertilization to the hatching for each species was calculated. The eggs of these three species are found in the plankton collected in the zone situated in the vicinity of Mar del Plata. The eggs are only found in the plancton which was close to the shore. The anchoa marinii eggs are found in the sea from the middle of December at a water temperature of approximately 16,0°C to the end of April. Their greatest concentration takes place in January at 20,0-21,0°C. The eggs of Brevoortia aurea are found in the plakton from the beginning of October at a water temperature of approximately 10,0°C to the middle of December. Their greatest concentration takes place in November at 13,0-15,0°C. Only once were the menhaden's eggs can be found in the sea from the middle of November at the water temperature of aproximately 13,0° to the end of April. Their greatest concentration takes place in January and February at 20,0-21,0°C.
  • Resultados de las campañas oceanográficas Mar del Plata I-V. Contribución al trazado de una carta bionómica del área de Mar del Plata. Las asociaciones del sistema litoral entre 12 y 70 m. de profundidad

    Olivier, S.R.; Bastida, R.O.; Torti, M.R. (1968)
    Under the name of Campañas Oceanográficas Mar del Plata I-V, five oceanographic surveys were done together with the Servicio de Hidrografía Naval, in the area between Faro Querandí and Mar del Sur. (Argentina, Province of Buenos Aires). A total of 82 oceanographic stations were covered and physical-chemical (temperature, oxygen, salinity determinations), sedimental and biological samplings (plankton and bottom organisms) were obtained. Bottom organisms collections were made with a conventional type of dredge 1 meter wide and 46 cm high grame with a net of thin mesh 2,60 m. Macrofauna components were only considered. This data allowed us to attempt a bionomic and litological chart of the studied area.As the sediments seem to have great heterogeneity over the hole studied area, in many cases the bottom fauna collections belonged to defferent associations which made difficult the limitations of areas covered by each one. Anyway we can draw that we are very near the minimun limits.
  • Contribución al conocimiento de la biología del surel (Trachurus picturatus australis) del área de Mar del Plata (Pisces, Carangidae)

    Cousseau, M.B. (1967)
    The individuals studied came from commercial catches on the coastal area off Mar del Plata. The monthly distribution of sizes shows that the juvenile stay in coastal waters, while the adult individuals leave those waters during winter season to return there in the spring during the season of sexual maturation and spawning, when the water reaches temperature of 10-11°C. The jack mackerel is a relatively small fish, compared with other species of its genus, and has a total length of scarcely 25 cm. The comparison of indexes and mesurements does not reveal any marked difference between sexes, except for the total length, which is greater in the females. Sexually nature individuals at a lenth of 13 cm have been found. Spawning takes place in coastal waters. A great part of the population spawns from December to January. There are oscillations ranging from November to March. On this latter month mature individuals of smaller size have veen found. The jack mackerel feeds usually on copepods and other planktonic organims, but it can feed also on juveniles of other fishes. This fish is caught throghout the whole year. The catches show their greater peak during winter; one other non-constant peak occurs during the spring (October-November) and declines shoraply during the summer months. It follows from this that the time of greates catch does not coincide with spawning season, or with the appearence of the greatest mean sizes. This happens because the interests of the fishermen are attracted during those months by others species of greater commercial value.
  • Carácter de desove y fecundidad de la merluza argentina, Merluccius merluccius hubbsi, del sector bonaerense

    Ciechomski, J.D.de (1967)
    The present paper deals with the spawning characteristics and the fecundity of the Argentine hake, Merluccius hubbsi from the zone in front of the Buenos Aires Province. More than 500 ovaries were studied and 168 of them were considerd in the statistical calculations.
  • Desarrollo larval de dos especies de Crustáceos Decápodos en el laboratorio, Pachycheles haigae Rodrigues Da Costa (Porcellanidae) y Chasmagnathus granulata Dana (Grapsidae)

    Boschi, Enrique E.; Scelzo, M.A.; Goldstein, B. (1967)
    The present paper is concerned with studies on the larval development of two species of crustacean Decapoda: Pachyceles haigae Rodrigues Da Costa, 1960 family Porcellanidae and Chasmagnathus granulata Dana, 1851, family Grapsidae. One preazoea, two zoeae with a total of five sub-stages, a and b, and the second zoea had sub-stages a, b and c. The greatest changes are observed in the transition from the first to the second zoea and from this to the megalopa. During the sub-stages, there occured minor changes, and a net moulting of the cuticle is not observed. The differences in these sub-stages are marked by changes in the number and shape of the appendages.
  • Copépodos calanoideos marinos del área de Mar del Plata con la descripción de Pontella marplatensis n.sp

    Ramirez, F.C. (1966)
    This paper deals with the Calanoidean Copepod of the Mar del Plata area (Province of Buenos Aires, Argentina) which were obtained in 71 starions during 5 oceanographic cruises performed on April, August-September and December, 1963 and on March and May, 1964. The area under study ranges from 37°20' to 38°45' L.S. and from 56°30' to 58°10' L.W. The samples were gathered from coastal, surface waters. Quantitative data could not be obtaine, except for and estimation of the time of flow through the plakton net. A total of 13 species of Calanoid Copepods were found. The species found were described, and drawings were made of those structures wich ere considered of taxonomic value. Data were included on the geographic distribution, with emphasis on South Atlantic and areas Antarctic.

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