• Belize: access rights, free to move

      Nembhard, Nadine (2018)
      Belize, a pioneer in fisheries conservation, has become the first country to adopt a national, multispecies territorial user rights programme
    • Blue economy: catch this moment

      Wetterstrand, Hanna (2019)
      Reflections on the ‘Towards an Inclusive Blue Economy’ conference organized by the International Institute for Environment and Development in London in February 2019.Behind the trendy environmental terms ‘Blue Economy’ and ‘Blue Growth’ lies a view that the Earth’s oceans promise great untapped economic potential. The unutilized value of the oceans is estimated at US$24 trillion, including sectors like energy generation, maritime transport, tourism, capture fisheries and aquaculture. Such a Blue Economy is supposed to also cater to aspects of social and ecological sustainability. However, a Blue Economy will not become inclusive nor equitable by default. This was the starting point for the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) conference in London titled ‘Towards an Inclusive Blue Economy’, held on February 25-26, 2019.
    • Blue economy: On and by the water

      Jentoft, Svein (2020)
      Without proper implementation of the SSF Guidelines, plans for the Blue Economy and Blue Growth will come to naught for small-scale fisheries. The European Union presents the Blue Economy and Blue Growth as follows: “Europe can unlock the untapped potential for growth in its blue economy while safeguarding biodiversity and protecting the environment. Traditional sectors such as maritime transport and maritime and coastal tourism will gain in competitiveness. Growing emerging sectors, such as ocean renewable energy and blue biotechnology, can become a key to creating more jobs, clean energy, and more products and services.”
    • Blue economy: splitting hairs

      Jentoft, Svein (2020)
      There is no reason to wait for consensus on what is justice before we do something about injustice in small-scale fisheries. With the Blue Economy/Blue Growth now spreading around the world, I believe the issue of social justice for small-scale fisheries is an important and increasingly urgent issue, also for social research. We now have the Voluntary Guidelines for Securing Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries in the Context of Food Security and Poverty Eradication (SSF Guidelines), a landmark achievement when member-states of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) endorsed them in June 2014. I believe that if states do nothing to implement the guidelines, the Blue Economy will come at a loss to small-scale fisheries. Then the many injustices they have faced for so long will only exacerbate.
    • Brazil: an Amazonian wrangle

      Rossoni, Felipe; Kurihara, Leonardo; Silveira, Gustavo (2020)
      Apart from exposing vulnerable indigenous communities to infection, COVID-19 threatens a programme that provides livelihood to the vulnerable and helps conserve freshwater fish species. Indigenous people and rural communities in Brazil’s Amazon region have been dramatically hit by COVID-19. A note issued on 10 June by the Coordination of Indigenous Organizations of the Brazilian Amazon (COIAB), in response to the Brazilian government, said the actions of the official agencies in response to the pandemic are regrettable: “So far the responses of the National Indian Foundation (FUNAI) and of the Special Secretariat of Indigenous Health (SESAI) to the COVID-19 have been slow, unco-ordinated and insufficient.
    • Brazil: fisherwomen, a backbreaking struggle

      Rainho, Ana Paula (2017)
      The abject working conditions of the shellfish fisherwomen on the Paraná coast of Brazil call for a revaluation of their work to guarantee them rights and benefits.
    • Brazil: for the common good

      Pacheco, Maria José Honorato (2016)
      Faced with the difficult context of conflicts and over-bureaucratization, traditional fishing communities in Brazil have creatively built various strategies of confrontation and resistance.
    • Brazil: indigenous rights, shoved out

      Rainho, Ana Paula (2018)
      The Guaranis, indigenous people of Morro dos Cavalos in Brazil, are being displaced from their lands to satisfy the interests of politicians and businesses.
    • Brazil: Kickoff time

      Rainho, Ana Paula; França, Lorena; Spolti, Dafne; Gerhardinger, Leopoldo Cavaleri (2019)
      Fishers from the Amazon region gathered to exchange ideas about common challenges and opportunities to sustain and develop indigenous fisheries in the light of the SSF Guidelines
    • Brazil: Oil and uncertainty

      Ramalho, Cristiano W. N.; Barbosa, Ormezita; Apel, Marcelo; Gasalla, Maria A. (2020)
      Oil spill disasters in the ocean often devastate marine and coastal ecosystems, profoundly affecting fisheries resources and fishing communities. Urgent and early-warning actions are needed to avoid a tragedy in biomes and communities when such accidents occur. In late-July 2019, Brazilian fishers alerted the first oil slick reaching the coast of Paraíba, weeks before the recognition of the biggest-ever oil spill disaster ever recorded in Brazil, extending across the entire North-eastern coast of the country. Their early voices were not properly heeded but those signals escalated into a gigantic spread of petroleum slicks. Almost 1,000 different localities were affected, including beaches, mangroves, rivers and “protected” areas. All the nine states of the region, encompassing a 2,300-km long shoreline, switched on a red light.
    • Brazil: SSF, a strong, cohesive voice

      Gerhardinger, Leopoldo Cavaleri; Mesquita, Beatriz; Mattos, Sergio Macedo Gomes de; Mendonça, Jocemar Tomasino; Vila-Nova, Daniele; Bossolani, Adayse; Scharer, René (2017)
      The implementation of the SSF Guidelines in Brazil will need to be nested in local and territorial realities, with the participation of fishers and their communities as the main agents of change.
    • Brazil: SSF, endless conflicts

      Diegues, Antonio Carlos (2018)
      The access of Brazil's fishers to coastal land and sea resources has, in recent years, been hampered by increased urbanization, tourism and construction of harbours
    • Brazil: tenure rights, planning blues

      Gerhardinger, Leopoldo Cavaleri; de Carvalho, Fabiano Grecco; Haak, Letícia; Herbst, Dannieli Firme; Poderoso, Renata Andressa (2018)
      Tenure rights in Brazil's small-scale fisheries are fading in the shadows of irrational, poorly designed, and socially and environmentally unjust 'blue planning' processes
    • Brazil: tourism, staying afloat

      Bahia, Natália C.F.; Chamy, Paula; Rosa, Iliel Teixeira; da Silva Almeida, Lindonaldo (2018)
      The experience with tourism-based boat trips in Caixa d´Aço Bay in Paraty, Brazil, highlights the problems of livelihoods in restricted-use protected areas
    • Bridging the global with the local

      Rajan, J.B.; Haribabu, T.P. (2020)
      Against the backdrop of the need to operationalize the SSF Guidelines in a participatory manner, the role of the local governance system of India cannot be overemphasized. As a complement to the Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries (CCRF), Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has developed the Voluntary Guidelines for Securing Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries in the Context of Food Security and Poverty Eradication (the SSF Guidelines). The objectives of the SSF Guidelines are to be achieved “...by empowering small-scale fishing communities, including both men and women, to participate in decision-making processes”, paying “...particular attention... to decentralized and local government structures directly involved in governance and development processes together with small-scale fishing communities...”. The CCRF and the SSF Guidelines are global instruments aimed at states and fishing communities, in particular, towards long-term sustainable use of fisheries resources and sustainable development.
    • Built on historic success: WTO challenge

      Azevêdo, Roberto (2016)
      This is excerpted from Roberto Azevêdo’s speech at the University of West Indies in Jamaica, on 18 January 2016, available at: www.wto.org/english/news_e/spra_e/spra109_e.htm
    • Cambodia - fishery rights: from individual rights to community commons

      Kurien, John (2018)
      Cambodia’s community fisheries initiative is the most extensive and well-developed system of community fisheries in the world. The current fishery rights system in Cambodia is the most extensive and well-developed system of community fisheries in the world”, said the European Union (EU) Representative to Cambodia at the FAO/UN User Rights 2015 Conference held in Siem Reap, Cambodia. Defining tenurial boundaries and proving rights in an aquatic milieu is a daunting task. This is further confounded when dealing with a dynamic land-water interface marked by significant seasonal fluctuations.
    • Cambodia: property rights, banding together

      Beresford, Nick (2018)
      By uniting to fight land grab by business interests, members of the Preynub II Community Fishery in Cambodia have set an example for other communities
    • Cambodia: towards a modern commons

      Kurien, John; Kaing, Khim; Bunna, P. (2016)
      The Community Fisheries organizations in Cambodia possess the basic framework and principles to be considered good examples of a created ‘modern commons’....
    • Canada: human rights, rightfully unfair

      Edwards, Dan (2017)
      The treatment of the commercial salmon fishermen along the west coast of Canada, through the unprincipled actions of their own government, is driving them into bankruptcy.