Recent Submissions

  • Samudra Report No.87, March 2022

    International Collective in Support of Fishworkers (ICSF), 2022-03
    The International Collective in Support of Fishworkers (ICSF) has just published the latest issue of SAMUDRA Report, its triannual journal on fisheries, communities and livelihoods. The current edition, SAMUDRA Report No. 87, dated March 2022, features a range of articles from Africa, Asia and Europe, with a special focus on the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries and Aquaculture (IYAFA 2022). The editorial Comment in the issue calls for collective and collaborative actions of all stakeholders to develop coherent and meaningful policies and legislation for the sector. Pointing out that IYAFA 2022 is a chance to create greater awareness about the role of small-scale fisheries in food production, and about the traditional knowledge and rich cultural diversity of fishing communities, the Comment hopes the year becomes a historic watershed for the sector and its communities. SAMUDRA Report No. 87 can be accessed at:
  • Samudra Report No.86, November 2021

    The International Collective in Support of Fishworkers (ICSF) (The International Collective in Support of Fishworkers (ICSF), 2021-11)
    The International Collective in Support of Fishworkers (ICSF) has just published the latest issue of SAMUDRA Report, its triannual journal on fisheries, communities and livelihoods. The current edition, SAMUDRA Report No. 86, dated November 2021, features a range of articles from Africa, Asia and South America, specifically from Ghana, Kenya, Thailand, the Philippines, India, Bangladesh and Chile. The issue also carries an analysis of the Blue Economy and small-scale fisheries, as well as articles on the UN Food Systems Summit. An obituary notice celebrates the life of Brazilian fisheries engineer and researcher Fábio Hissa Vieira Hazin, who succumbed to COVID-19 on 8 June 2021, World Oceans Day. The editorial Comment in SAMUDRA Report No. 86 argues that negotiations on subsidies at the World Trade Organization (WTO) should lead to an agreement whose primary goal is transparency and universality in fisheries conservation and management measures.
  • Samudra Report No.85, May 2021

    The International Collective in Support of Fishworkers (ICSF) (The International Collective in Support of Fishworkers (ICSF), 2021-05)
    The International Collective in Support of Fishworkers (ICSF) has just published the latest issue of SAMUDRA Report, its triannual journal on fisheries, communities and livelihoods. The current edition, SAMUDRA Report No. 85, dated May 2021, features a range of articles from Africa, Asia, South America and the Caribbean, specifically from Turkey, Cambodia, South Africa, Brazil, Tanzania, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Mozambique, Antigua and Barbuda, Bangladesh, Costa Rica, India, France, the Philippines, Brazil and Thailand. The issue also carries articles that analyze the Blue Economy, destructive fishing, small-scale fisheries (SSF) and the SSF Guidelines, among other topics. The current issue has three articles on food security (from Indonesia, Sri Lanka and Cambodia) and five articles on social development and sustainable fisheries (from Antigua and Barbuda, Bangladesh, Costa Rica, India, the Philippines and Thailand). The editorial Comment in SAMUDRA Report No. 85 discusses how the COVID-19 pandemic has exposed the global inadequacy of social-protection floors in safeguarding marginalized communities, in the process exacerbating poverty and vulnerability.
  • Samudra Revista Núm. 83, Septiembre 2020

    The International Collective in Support of Fishworkers (ICSF) (The International Collective in Support of Fishworkers (ICSF), 2020)
    Publicación virtual de un nuevo número de la Revista SAMUDRA en castellano. El último número de la Revista SAMUDRA, publicación cuatrimestral del Colectivo Internacional de Apoyo al Pescador Artesanal (CIAPA), se encuentra disponible en lengua española en:
  • Samudra Revue, No.83, septembre 2020

    The International Collective in Support of Fishworkers (ICSF) (The International Collective in Support of Fishworkers (ICSF), 2020)
    Le nouveau numéro de la revue SAMUDRA - publication quadrimestrielle du Collectif international d’appui à la pêche artisanale (ICSF) - est disponible en ligne sur. Il s’agit d’un numéro spécial qui vient s’ajouter à la campagne de l’ICSF visant à bien mettre en évidence tout ce qu’apporte la pêche artisanale en matière de nutrition et de sécurité alimentaire dans une démarche fondée sur le respect des droits humains. Comme le relève l’éditorial, la pandémie de Covid-19 « nous rappelle les liens forts qui existent entre notre alimentation et nos systèmes de santé, entre le développement durable et les droits humains. Le Covid-19 sera-t-il l’occasion de repartir de l’avant en mieux ? »
  • Samudra Report No.84, December 2020

    The International Collective in Support of Fishworkers (ICSF) (The International Collective in Support of Fishworkers (ICSF), 2020)
    Samudra Report
    The International Collective in Support of Fishworkers (ICSF) has just published the latest issue of SAMUDRA Report, its triannual journal on fisheries, communities and livelohoods. The current edition, SAMUDRA Report No. 84, dated December 2020, features a range of articles from countries around the world like Peru, Kiribati, Belize, France, the Philippines, Brazil, Ghana, Myanmar, Sri Lanka and Vietnam.The issue also carries articles that discuss small-scale fisheries (SSF) and the SSF Guidelines, the ocean economy, tourism and labour rights, among other topics.
  • Roundup: News, events, briefings and more

    International Collective in Support of Fishworkers (ICSF) (2020)
    Samudra Report
    The Roundup includes recent publications, films added to our Documentation centre, meetings coming up, websites which are important to small-scale fisheries, flashback of editorial from old issues of Samudra report related to the theme and Endquote from the world of literature related to fisheries.
  • Film review: hope, despair, courage

    Sann, Alain Le (2020)
    Samudra Report
    An award-winning film, made on a tight budget, captures in powerful images the complexities of small-scale fishers and fish processors in West Africa. I’m in search of happiness. That’s how a young Guinean surprises us in the smoky atmosphere of a sardinella smoking oven in Casamance, Senegal, in a sequence from the film Poisson d’or, poisson africain. Thomas Grand and his friend Moussa Diop show us the price to pay for trying to make a living on this bustling beach. They give us a scalpel-sharp analysis of the complex realities of a temporary community that brings together, for six months of the year, men, women and children from all over West Africa, around the exploitation of fish.
  • Blue economy: splitting hairs

    Jentoft, Svein (2020)
    Samudra Report
    There is no reason to wait for consensus on what is justice before we do something about injustice in small-scale fisheries. With the Blue Economy/Blue Growth now spreading around the world, I believe the issue of social justice for small-scale fisheries is an important and increasingly urgent issue, also for social research. We now have the Voluntary Guidelines for Securing Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries in the Context of Food Security and Poverty Eradication (SSF Guidelines), a landmark achievement when member-states of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) endorsed them in June 2014. I believe that if states do nothing to implement the guidelines, the Blue Economy will come at a loss to small-scale fisheries. Then the many injustices they have faced for so long will only exacerbate.
  • UNCLOS: many a slip

    Sellars, Kirsten (2020)
    Samudra Report
    The 1960 UN Conference on the Law of the Sea failed to reach agreement on the breadth of the territorial sea and fishing limits, with India, Chile and Ecuador playing decisive roles. The road to the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) was littered with failed treaty-making conferences. In 1930, a League of Nations conference broke up without a decision over territorial waters. In 1958, a UN conference failed to agree on the breadth of the territorial sea and associated fishing limits. In 1960, a follow-up UN conference to decide these two outstanding questions collapsed.
  • Pacific Islands: 30 by 30

    Govan, Hugh (2020)
    Samudra Report
    Renewed calls for marine conservation must not bulldoze the democratic route that has allowed small island nations to improve fisheries and incomes without damaging the marine ecology. I wanted to share some concerns regarding the danger that threatens to disrupt the management of the Pacific Islands’ signature fisheries and main independent source of income. There have been renewed calls for 30 per cent marine protected areas (MPAs) that sound suspiciously over-simplistic. Community-conserved areas come at many scales and the Pacific Islands’ chances of ensuring a multinational indigenous conserved area are threatened.
  • Nigeria: a heavy blow

    Fakoya, Kafayat; Akintola, Shehu Latunji (2020)
    Samudra Report
    More than the COVID-19 pandemic itself, the lockdowns to prevent its spread have harder hit Nigeria’s unorganized small-scale fishers. The COVID-19 pandemic has fundamentally struck all facets of life in affected countries and the small-scale fisheries (SSF) of Nigeria are no exception. The pandemic has hit the country’s small fishers both directly and indirectly. Small operators are the bulk of Nigeria’s fisheries sector. They account for 70 per cent of the domestic fish production, and sustain the livelihoods of millions of people in one way or another; the dependence on local fish species for economic and food security is evidently large. SSF provides an accessible, cheap and rich source of protein and essential micronutrients to the rural population. Their impact on social, economic and cultural spheres is immense.
  • Nutrition: fish as food

    Ahern, Molly; Dussan, Ana Maria Suarez (2020)
    Samudra Report
    The international democratic process has come a long way in realizing the role of fish in the right to food and nutrition–and yet, a map of the road ahead needs to be laid out. Even though the last century has seen great socioeconomic advances and improvement in human well-being worldwide, much work remains to be done to realize the ultimate goal of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) to contribute to a “world free from hunger and malnutrition, where food and agriculture contribute to improving the living standards of all, especially the poorest and marginalized in an economically, socially and environmentally sustainable manner”.
  • India: a twisted trajectory

    Scholtens, Joeri; Subramanian, Karuppiah; Jyotishi, Amalendu (2020)
    Samudra Report
    The fish-processing industry’s path of using fishmeal to grow shrimp amounts to exporting the precious nutrition that India’s children badly need. In the early morning of 25 September 2019, on the shores of Cuddalore in Tamil Nadu, India, the humble sardine commenced its journey. The journey of its afterlife, that is. A group of women waited together, empty baskets in hand, chatting while waiting for the boats to arrive. Their expectations do not remain unanswered. Boats bulging with little shiny sardines return from calm seas. Boats carrying sardines, along with their histories of struggle. Big trawlers, small trawlers, ring seines, fibreglass boats: everyone has been scooping up schools of sardine today.
  • India: the future is inland

    Sugunan, V.V. (2020)
    Samudra Report
    If managed sensibly, inland water bodies can go a long way to provide India with a sustainable future and food security for its population. Fish production in India registered a remarkable 16-fold increase during the last six decades to reach 12.59 mn tonnes (MT) in 2017-18, propelling the country to the position of the second-largest fish-producing nation in the world. During this period, the share of inland fish production has increased from 30 per cent to 70 per cent, and the present inland fish production has reached 8.9 MT. More than 14 mn fishers and fish farmers depend on fishing and fish farming for their livelihoods; many times more than that number eke out their living through support and ancillary activities like fish processing, trade and making of fishing craft and gear.
  • Timor-Leste: strong women, strong nation

    Lopes, Joctan dos Reis; Duarte, Agustinha; Tilley, Alexander (2020)
    Samudra Report
    Innovative research in the Southeast Asian island nation of Timor-Leste has obtained data to help close the gender gap and provide food security for the local community. In October 2018, Leocaldia de Araujo, a fisherwoman from a village of 300 people at the northern tip of Timor-Leste’s Atauro Island, stepped quietly but confidently on to a stage in the capital, Dili. She was representing women fishers and fishworkers at the National Fisher Forum, the largest fisheries-focused gathering in Timor-Leste since independence. Her presence in front of a predominantly male crowd represented the start of a change taking place in Timor-Leste and its fisheries. She referred to herself and her community as an example of ami povu ki’ik (the poor and marginalized) that need to be heard.
  • Ghana: small fish, big solution

    Adjei, Peter Linford (2020)
    Samudra Report
    Access to affordable small fish is key to achieving zero hunger and improved nutrition in Ghana’s poor urban households, a new study shows. Small fish are indeed the backbone of Ghana’s animal protein supply in the poor urban neighbourhoods of Accra (such as Nima, Chorkor, Ga Mashie and James Town) and Tamale (such as Sagnarigu, Kukoo, Sakasaka and Salamba). This is the conclusion of a recent research project called Fish4Food. The academic team behind the project drew from the University of Amsterdam (UoA), the University of Ghana (UoG) and the Kwame Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST). Until recently, this critical aspect was largely overlooked. The research findings demonstrate that despite the high appeal of large-sized fish–not to mention the increasingly popular farmed fish like tilapia and catfish–the urban poor prefer smaller pelagics like anchovies, herrings and mackerels.
  • Indonesia: dried, tried, tasted

    Dipananda, Kyana (2020)
    Samudra Report
    At the core of the unique flavours and tastes of the East Java cuisine of Indonesia is the traditional artisanal fish processing technique of pindang. Sumenep Regency is located at the eastern end of the Madura Islands in Indonesia’s East Java province. It is known for its large fishery and marine potential. Several types of fishing gear exist in Madura, mainly the payang, a type of seine net, very common and essential among fishermen. The payang resembles a trawl net. By design, it has wings and a ‘cod end’ on the upper part of the net, supported by floats, and weights that secure the lower end. The second type of gear, introduced by the Indonesian government in Madura in 1976 to promote efficiency, is the purse seine. The purse seine fishery is characterized by high productivity and a larger scale, compared with the payang seine.
  • US: relief misdirected

    Rogers, Heidi Anne (2020)
    Samudra Report
    Small-scale fisheries are important for the food security of the United States. Yet relief measures during the COVID-19 pandemic favour industrial operators, and are unsustainable. When the global COVID-19 pandemic hit the US in March 2020, no one knew for certain what it would mean for the seafood industry, let alone small- to mid-scale fishing operations. With most restaurants, hotels and catering services forced to shut down or drastically curtail operations, and with the complete shutdown of schools and universities, the demand for seafood reduced by nearly 80 per cent. Alongside this, transportation restrictions to stem the tide of the virus broke the supply chains of fishing operations.
  • Indonesia: lack of transparency

    Hadiwinata, Marthin; Pratama, Henri (2020)
    Samudra Report
    While small-scale fishers in Indonesia have not been hit by COVID-19 infections, the lockdown measures and economic policies have left them more vulnerable. The novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) has forced changes across the world. After cases spread rapidly outside Wuhan, China since January 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared COVID-19 as a global pandemic on 11 March 2020. As the number of confirmed cases of infection crossed 31 mn in September, with more than 1 mn deaths, the pandemic has spread to about 200 countries. The United States, Brazil, India and Russia have recorded the greatest numbers.

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