Recent Submissions

  • Freshwater medusae in Lake Kyoga

    Rogers, J.F. (Ministry of Animal Industry, Game and Fisheries. Fisheries Department, The Republic of UgandaEntebbe, Uganda, 1970)
    Freshwater medusae have been observed in Lake Kyoga by several members of the Fisheries Department on a few isolated occasions over the past two years. Sightings have been made at Lwampanga at the western end of the lake, at Bukungu near the inlet of the River Nile into Lake Kyoga, and at Lalle, on the eastern extremity of the main lake. Most sightings have been made near the margin of the lake under very calm conditions. At Lalle and Lwampanga large numbers of medusae have been seen swimming near the surface; on these occasions, the medusae were pulsating regularly and maintained a position within a few inches of the surface. Apart from noting that sightings have occurred under calm conditions near the lake margin, no other observations to indicate when medusae are likely to be seen have been made. Most of the medusae are of similar size, the largest being 12 mm in diameter.
  • Development of the 28-foot inboard-engined fishing boat in Uganda

    Stoneman, J.; Gooding, B.T. (Ministry of Animal Industry, Game and Fisheries. Fisheries Department, The Republic of UgandaEntebbe, Uganda, 1970)
    With the encouraging results of trawling experiments in Lake Victoria, it became apparent early in 1969 that commercial trawling on Lake Victoria might well be a viable economic enterprise. Considerable discussion about the optimum size and type of fishing vessel ensued, and the Fisheries Department decided to commission a number of different prototypes for comparative trials.
  • Increase in fish production achieved by stocking exotic species (Lake Kyoga, Uganda)

    Stoneman, J.; Rogers, J.F. (1970)
    The Lake Kyoga complex lies towards the north of Uganda, at 311 altitude of 3,400 feet, between 10 and 2° north of the Equator. The lake is extremely elongate and digitate, shallow (1 metre-7 metres), and almost all the coast-line is swampy, with many papyrus beds. Floating islands of sud are a feature. At its eastern extremity, it breaks up into many swampy, isolated lakes. The Nile from its source at Jinja enters Lake Kyoga on its southern side, and leaves the lake at its western extremity, and winds on through to Lake Albert and the Sudan. The Kyoga/Salisbury /Kwania complex covers 2,354 sq. km. of water.Geologically, the lake is a series of flooded river valleys, probably resulting from the uplifting of the western edge of the basin in the Pliocene and the Pleistocene ages aud the endemic fish fauna is very similar to that of Lake Victoria, although Kyoga has not developed the species flocks of haplochromis which characterise the larger lake. The Victoria fauna extends down-stream of Lake Kyoga to the Murchison Falls on the Nile, which forms an almost complete barrier between Kyoga and the typical nilotic fauna of the Nile below Murchison and Lake Albert.
  • Improved cement block fish smoking kiln

    Rogers, J.F. (Ministry of Animal Industry, Game and Fisheries. Fisheries Department, The Republic of UgandaEntebbe, Uganda, 1970)
    The kiln described below is based on a portable sheet steel kiln designed by Beny in 1964. Improvement of quality of the final product, increased operating efficiency and reduction in firewood consumption were the reasons prompting the design. The design discussed was evolved by the author after a number of experimental prototypes were built, in order to reduce first cost and heat losses, both high with the all-steel kiln. Traditionally, a simple pit and table is used, around the shures of Lake Kyoga, for smoking fish.
  • Kigezi local otter trap

    Male, M.M. (1970)
    The otter belongs to the family Muslelidae of the super family Canoidea. It is a mammal related to the stoat, skunk, marten and wolverine. Its habitat is the water, and it is carnivorous in diet, feeding on fish and other water animals.In Uganda, the otter is widely distributed throughout the western region, and most other parts of the country. To protect fish farmers from the otter, the Fisheries Department recommends fencing the ponds to keep out the otters or trapping to kill them.
  • Notes on the decline of the dug-out canoe on Lake Albert

    Cadwalladr, D.A. (1970)
    Cadwalladr and Stoneman drew attention to the fact that dug-out canoe construction had ceased around the shores of Lake Albert by 1963. Up to this year, however, dug-out canoes were probably still landing the largest proportion of the commercial fisheries catch on the lake, and its associated waterways. It is only since this time that the catch from dug-outs has declined. and currently the commercial fisheries of the lake are based predominantly on motorised planked canoes.
  • Fisheries catch statistics

    Stoneman, J. (1969)
    The rational management of Uganda's fishery depends largely on knowledge of fish production in all its aspects, gained by the collection of statistics at fish landings by Fisheries Assistants. Whatever developments may occur, and whateverthe calibre of staff in the future, it will remain essential to collect production and marketing statistics as a basis for control and management policies.
  • Development of design and construction of fishing boats in Uganda

    Gooding, B.T. (1969)
    Fishing boats and canoes varied very little in Uganda from the middle of the 19th century umil 1949. types in use being the Dug Out Canoe. up to 40 ft. in length with 4 ft. beam hollowed from trees, and "Sesse" canoes which were used on Lake Victoria; these had an obvious Arab influence. The length of the "Sesse" in recent years as from about 1912 is 28 ft., and it is used as an open fishing craft.
  • A discussion of possible management methods to revive the Labeo victorianus fishery of Lake Victoria, with special reference to the Nzoia river, Kenya

    Cadwalladr, D.A. (1969)
    Labeo victorianus Boulenger, the "ningu", is commercially the most important migratory fish of Lake Victoria, as well as being one of the most abundant of all species landed. Annual catch records of the Fisheries Departments of Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania show that a high yielding seasonal, floating gill net fishery is based on the concentration of sexually mature fish at the river mouths at the time of migration during the bi-annual floods. Migrating fish used also to be caught in high numbers at "kek" barrier traps across the river, as at Hainga on the Nzoia river. Since the heavy exploitation at the river mouth which occurred with the introduction of nylon gill nets in 1956.
  • Observations on the taxonomy and biology of Lates (Cuvier 1828) in Lake Albert

    Hunter, J.B. (1970)
    Both in terms of commercial landings and biological importance, the Nile Perch is one of the most prominent fish in Lake Albert. It can bear considerable further exploitation, is the source of stockings elsewhere, and it is, therefore, important to know whether more than one species is being dealt with, and, if so, what differences there are in the ecology of the different species.
  • Trolling for Nile perch (Lates niloticus) in Lake Kyoga

    Rogers, J.F. (1969)
    Nile perch were introduced into Lake Kyoga in the mid·1950s from Lake Albert. Murchison Falls on the River Nile, between the two lakes, prevented Nile Perch and other elements of the typical nilotic fish population from naturally reaching Lake Kyoga. The introduction has been successful and considerable stocks of Nile Perch now exist in Lake Kyoga. In 1967, 13,000 tons of Nile Perch were estimated to have been landed by the commercial fishermen, fish of 200 lb. being now caught and specimens of 100 lb. being fairly common. Large Nile perch are caught commercially on long lines baited with live Protopterus' spp. or Clarias spp. Large mesh gillnets uccasionally take Nile Perch of up to 30 lb., but the high cost of the nets does not, at the moment, appear to justify this method of fishing; a 10 in. net, stretched 100 yards long (unmounted). 15 meshes deep and 60-ply nylon. costs approximately U. Shs. 300. The long·lines used are extremely simple and cheap to make, but considerable labour is needed to catch bait. Small Protopterus are normally caught by turning over floating rafts of grasses and papyrus, and extracting the fish from the root mass; this is hard and dirty work. Other small fish, more readily available, do not, according to fishermen, work as well, possibly because they are not as durable as the Protopterus or Clarias. Dead bait is never used.
  • Notes on growth and feeding of Crocodilus niloticus

    Stoneman, J. (1969)
    The Uganda Fisheries Department had for some time, kept Nile crocodiles in captivity, and had thus collected a considerable amount of data on growth and feeding rates. It had also devised marking and handling techniques, and a system of pens and enclosures to deal with crocodiles up to 3 m. long. The following account describes these techniques and results, which followed a study of a proposed commercial crocodile farm.
  • Crocodile industry in Uganda

    Stoneman, J. (1969)
    The foregoing account gives a picture of the exploitation and control of the wild population of Crocodilus niloticus in Uganda from 1920 to the present day.The economic value of the crocodile is shown, and some idea is given of the possibility of maintaining this economic return to Uganda by farming crocodiles in captivity. The Uganda Fisheries Department is actively pursuing the issues which arise from the present status of the wild population, and the need for artificial rearing of crocodiles.
  • The present-day fishery of the Uganda waters of Lake Victoria

    Kanyike, E.S. (1972)
    The Uganda waters of Lake Victoria comprise an area of 28,500 square kilometres with a shore line of 2,380 kilometres extending from the Uganda/Tanzania border in the west to the Uganda/Kenya border in the east. A large part of the Uganda waters of the lake is less than 60 metres deep, waters deeper than 60 metres being on the eastern side of the lake. Thus the Uganda part of the lake is tilted towards the east. A number of rivers drain into the lake from the north and the River Nile flows out of the lake towards the Mediterranean Sea. The Ssese, Kome, Buvuma and Busoga Islands form a very distinctive feature of the lake. These are perhaps the remaining high hills which survived the drowning of the northern valleys during the formation of the lake. In fact, in T. P. O'Brien's book 'The Prehistoric Uganda Protectorate (1939)', Solmon gives a critical summary of the work on the formation of Lake Victoria and shows that the northern part of the lake has numerous drowned valleys, a feature which provides varying habitats for particular species of fish and which may have an effect on the species composition reflected in the catches in different areas along the northern shore of the lake. It is interesting to note that although Lake Victoria as a whole has a number of rivers draining into it, Halbfass (1923) calculated and found that 76 per cent of the water entering the lake is precipitation on the lake surface.
  • The marketing, processing and distribution implications of trawling on Lake Victoria

    Jiwani, S.H.; Dhatemwa, C.M. (1972)
    Work which has been carried out by exploratory and stock assessment scientists indicates that some 200,000 metric tons of freshwater fish could be harvested annually from Lake Victoria. Haplochromis forms approximately 83 per cent of the total stocks
  • The socio-economic effects of trawling on the present day fishermen

    Butcher, A.P. (1972)
    1. The introduction of trawlers to Lake Victoria to harvest fish will have far reaching effects on the men (and women) presently engaged in the fishery, on the diet of the nation as a whole.2. However, the whole concept of trawling is so different to present techniques and the scale of operation so great, that disruption to the socio-economy of many people is possible. 3. The sociological studies outlined below will assist the governments in the formulatlon of policies aimed at minimising disruptive effects on the lives of many individuals.
  • The effects of trawling on the fish stocks of Lake Victoria

    Okedi, J. (1972)
    Species composition for Lake Victoria can be divided into two major groups. Haplochromis includes at least four genera, the largest consisting of 120 major species, while the remaining species together number about eighteen. The fish species of this lake have been grouped into two for obvious reasons-Haplochromis forms at least 80 per cent, by weight, of the yield of the lake. When carrying out the survey, the lake was divided into thirteen sampling areas and, although there were variations, all the species were encountered throughout most of the sampling units, except that there were definite trends as one species moved as one from shallow water towards the centre of the lake. It was noted that there was a numerical decrease of species the nearer one got to the centre of the lake, and the catch rates of the species in deeper waters also tended to decrease. The species that were found most consistently throughout the whole lake included Haplochromis complex and Bagrus, and the species found to be confined almost entirely to the shallow waters was Tilapia, in particular Tilapia nilotica.
  • Training aspects for a trawling fishery

    Biribonwoha, A.R. (1972)
    Trawling experiments carried out by the United Nations Development Programme Project and the Uganda Department of Fisheries, strongly suggest that the trawling method of fishing, if introduced on Lake Victoria, would bring about a tremendous increase in fish production from the lake. It is recognised, however, that before trawling is introduced, its economic, social, technical, biological and manpower implications must be carefully analysed. I now propose to discuss the training aspects of a trawl fishery on Lake Victoria.
  • The need for a trawl fishery on Lake Victoria

    Jackson, P.B.N. (1972)
    The idea of mechanised fishing on Lake Victoria is not new. Trawling experiments have been carried out in the past by the East African Freshwater Fisheries Research Organisation (EAFFRO), the Lake Victoria Fisheries Service and the Uganda Fisheries Department. In 1950 it was recognised by EAFFRO that commercial possibilities existed in the exploitation of Haplochromis by this gear. However, it was not until 1966 that, by a happy collaboration of the Uganda Fisheries Department and EAFFRO, the vessel 'Darter' was converted into a stern trawler and serious and successful experimentation into trawl fishing commenced. Darter has continued to undertake trawling work ever since and thiswork was augmented by the arrival in 1967 of the Lake Victoria Fisheries Research Project's vessel 'Ibis'.