Recent Submissions

  • Case study of the preparation of national economic accounts: Norway

    Brathaug, Ann Lisbet (Secretariat, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development CenterBangkok, Thailand, 1997)
    A discussion is presented on national accounts and economic planning, considering in particular the contribution of the fishery industry to the national well-being. A case study is given of the preparation of national economic accounts in Norway. The following topics are covered: Supply and use tables; accounts on fisheries; sources of data and methods of estimation; and, environmental accounting.
  • Case study of the preparation of national economic accounts: Norway

    Brathaug, Ann Lisbet (Secretariat, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development CenterBangkok, Thailand, 1997)
    A discussion is presented on national accounts and economic planning, considering in particular the contribution of the fishery industry to the national well-being. A case study is given of the preparation of national economic accounts in Norway. The following topics are covered: Supply and use tables; accounts on fisheries; sources of data and methods of estimation; and, environmental accounting.
  • Dramatic change in shrimp culture in Thailand

    Siriratrakul, Ruamporn (Secretariat, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development CenterBangkok, Thailand, 1997)
    Details are given of a marine fishery census conducted in Thailand in 1995 in order to: 1) collect data on the basic economic structure of marine capture fishery, coastal aquaculture and socio-economic characteristics of fishery households, fishery employee's households, fishermen and aquaculture workers; and, 2) provide data as a sampling frame of other related surveys. The census dealt mainly with marine capture fishery and coastal shrimp culture; the findings of the coastal shrimp culture sector are described in particular.
  • Regional cooperation for fishery statistics program

    Cho, Yong-Ja (Secretariat, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development CenterBangkok, Thailand, 1997)
    Fishery statistics have been successfully used to highlight increasing fishery production and contribution of fisheries to national economy. They are generally collected and compiled into national and regional yearbooks to demonstrate changes in fishery production from the previous year, or over a given period of time. An examination is made of regional cooperation for a fishery statistics programme, considering the Southeast Asia region and various issues and constraints in the compilation and utilization of fishery statistics. It has been shown that the basic functions of fishery statistics programmes are to provide data and information services for the sector management. Thus, regional cooperation in fishery statistics programmes must begin with identification of the sector management needs and determination of data requirements to address the needs identified. It is concluded that the region has made considerable progress in developing and establishing common data handling methodologies and tools. The existing regional standards include standard definitions and classifications of fish species, fishing gears and fish products used for compilation of statistics for the South China Sea Areas and FAO. Regional cooperation and collaboration ensure benefits of shared expertise and resources, and availability of comparable data for management and development of regional fisheries resources and industries.
  • Recent developments in aquaculture statistics

    Rana, Krishen (Secretariat, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development CenterBangkok, Thailand, 1997)
    The FAO Fisheries Information, Data and Statistics Unit has been systematically collecting and disseminating global aquaculture production by weight and value since 1984. The mechanisms for collecting data and the coverage and quality of data on production from aquaculture provided by countries to FAO have been constantly under review, with the aim of improving their quality and relevance to future national and global needs. Such future needs are highlighted and a discussion presented as to how some of these needs are being currently addressed. The following topics are covered: aquaculture as an economic activity; definition of aquaculture; unidentified aquatic organisms; proposed changes for reporting global production from fisheries; quantitative structural information on aquaculture; and, current status and constraints of collecting aquaculture statistics.
  • Socio-economic information for fishery management and development

    Crispoldi-Hotta, Adele (Secretariat, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development CenterBangkok, Thailand, 1997)
    A wide array of socio-economic data is needed for effective fishery management and development planning. Biological, technical, economic, social, and institutional information and data are required for sound management. How much information and routine, long-term data are essential and how reliable the data should be, has to be determined on a case by case basis. The type of data collected, their frequency, and the method of data acquisition vary greatly among countries with the varying importance of the fishery sector in the national economy. A brief account is given of the requirements and problems in data collection.
  • Development on collation of tuna fishery statistics for the Southeast Asian region

    Hassan, Raja Bidin B. Raja (Secretariat, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development CenterBangkok, Thailand, 1997)
    SEAFDEC has been responsible since June 1996 for the collation of tuna fishery statistics in the Southeast Asian region. The Marine Fishery Resource Development and Management Department (MFRDMD) of SEAFDEC has requested countries fishing for tuna in the region to provide statistical data for collation. MFRMDM will maintain appropriate databases and publish the data or disseminate it upon request. It has also developed a computer programme known as the Fishery Resources Information and Management System to facilitate information transfer to and from Member Countries. A list is given of species covered, which include 3 major groups of tunas and tuna-like species (tunas and bonitos, seerfish and billfish). A brief account is given of development and progress made in this sector, outlining also the various problems encountered in the collation of tuna fishery statistics provided by Member Countries.
  • Guidelines for the collection of fishery data for artisanal fisheries

    Visser, Theo (Secretariat, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development CenterBangkok, Thailand, 1997)
    An overview is provided of basic methodological and operational concepts of the statistical monitoring of artisanal fisheries, making specific reference to shore-based sampling surveys. The common characteristics of data collection methods are described and standard procedures for the derivation of estimates from sample magnitudes are discussed. Commonly used approaches for the storage/processing of collected basic data are outlined.
  • Experiences and case studies in the implementation of data collection methods for artisanal fisheries

    Visser, Theo (Secretariat, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development CenterBangkok, Thailand, 1997)
    Details are given of experience gained during the design and implementation of data collection methods for artisanal fisheries in a number of countries under the FAO Technical Cooperation Programme, and other national and regional projects supported by UNDP and Government Cooperation Agencies. Some general approaches that have been introduced in a number of FAO member countries are illustrated and major constraints and problems that are found to be common in the design and implementation of statistical developmental activities are highlighted. It is concluded that statistically-related management tasks are performed more effectively if designated to a national fishery statistical committee or work group with responsibilities and modus operandi as regards system design, development, implementation maintenance and support. Prior to implementing a large-scale system at national level it would be advantageous to develop a prototype system in a geographically limited but representative area. Based on experiences gained from the prototype system, stepwise expansion of the system in other areas may be necessary, by first considering new methodological requirements and operational/logistical constraints.
  • Quality of capture fishery and aquaculture production statistics for Asia and the Pacific

    Visser, Theo (Secretariat, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development CenterBangkok, Thailand, 1997)
    A review is made of the FISHSTAT NS1 total production statistics and the FISHSTAT AQ aquaculture production statistics for Asia and the Pacific, reported to the FAO. An examination is also made of the quality of these statistics, identifying problems and providing recommendations for possible remedies.
  • Nationality of catch

    Grainger, Richard (Secretariat, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development CenterBangkok, Thailand, 1997)
    In 1954, the UN Statistical Commission decided that the fish catches should be assigned to the country of the flag flown by the fishing vessel and this concept was adopted by all member agencies of the Coordinating Working Party on Fishery Statistics (CWP). However, since international joint-ventures in world fisheries have increased considerably, both in number and in economic importance, such arrangements are often a source of difficulty in assigning the nationality to the catch. A brief review is made of some specific situations in which difficulties in assigning a nationality existed, leading to misreporting and double counting (New Zealand, Namibia, Peru and Argentina). Recommendations made by the CWP at its 17th Session are outlined. At the meeting it was stressed that reporting by the flag State of the vessel concerned is always the preferred option.
  • Review and the present status of the catch-effort statistic for the South China Sea area

    Johari, Ibrahim; Yanagawa, Hiroyuki (Secretariat, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development CenterBangkok, Thailand, 1997)
    The main objective of the compilation and publication of Catch-Effort Statistics for the South China Sea Area is to provide available statistical information to scientists in the region. The responsibility to publish these statistics was transferred to the Marine Fishery Resources Development and Management Department (MFRDMD) of SEAFDEC in 1993. An outline is given of the current status of the catch-effort statistics data for 1992 and 1993 under the following headings: Annual catch-effort -- catch and fishing effort by type of fishing gear, catch and fishing effort by type of fishing gear and size of management; Monthly catch-effort data -- catch and fishing effort by type of fishing gear and by month, catch and fishing effort by type of fishing gear, by month and by size of management; Specific data on catch-effort -- Hong Kong, Indonesia. Activities to be undertaken in order to improve the collection and compilation of catch and effort statistics are listed.
  • Recent FAO activities related to by-catch and discard issues

    Grainger, Richard (Secretariat, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development CenterBangkok, Thailand, 1997)
    Brief reports are provided on 2 recent FAO activities related to by-catch and discard issues: 1) Technical Consultation on Reduction of Wastage in Fisheries; and, 2) FAO Shark Catch/By-catch Study.
  • Follow-up by FAO to the recommendations from the 1994 Regional Workshop on Fishery Information and Statistics in Asia

    Grainger, Richard (Secretariat, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development CenterBangkok, Thailand, 1997)
    Follow-up action by FAO regarding the recommendations from the 1994 Workshop on Fishery Information and Statistics in Asia is detailed under the headings: 1) Regional and international levels; 2) Fishery statistical bulletin for the South China Sea area; 3) Socio-economic statistics; and, 4) Aquaculture statistics.
  • SEAFDEC Fishery Statistical Bulletin for the South China Sea Area

    Wongsanga, Pouchamarn (Secretariat, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development CenterBangkok, Thailand, 1997)
    The SEAFDEC Fishery Statistical Bulletin for the South China Sea Area is aimed at providing reliable and comparable fishery statistics with standardized definitions and classifications to facilitate the exchange of information for the management of fishery resources and the planning of various fishery development programs for countries bordering the South China Sea. Details are given of the development of the SEAFDEC Fishery Statistics Program and an outline provided of the 1994 Regional Workshop on Fishery Information and Statistics in Asia. The collection and compilation of data for the Bulletin is discussed briefly, covering various problems and constraints encountered.
  • Current FAO fishery statistics programme

    Grainger, Richard; Visser, Theo (Secretariat, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development CenterBangkok, Thailand, 1997)
    FIDI, the FAO Fishery Information, Data and Statistics Unit, is responsible for the collection of global fishery statistics. Statistics on catches and landings have been collated by the FAO since 1950. The statistics are usually obtained from national reporting offices and, wherever possible, verified from other sources. The resulting statistics are stored in databases and disseminated through annual publications such as the FAO Yearbook of Fishery Statistics, for catches and landings, aquaculture and commodities (and less frequent for the fleet statistics). The data are also made available in electric form by the distribution of diskettes with yearly updated platform independent databases with time series: FISHSTAT PC, AQUACULT PC and FISHCOMM PC. Details are given of the following FAO Fisheries Databases maintained by FIDI: Nominal catch and landings; Aquaculture production of fish; Fishery commodities; Fleet statistics; Employment statistics; Apparent consumption of fish and fishery products. Fishery statistical software packages are also detailed: ARTPLAN; ARTFISH/ARTSER for Windows; ARTHELP; and, ARTBIEC.
  • Recent international initiatives with implications for fishery statistics

    Grainger, Richard (Secretariat, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development CenterBangkok, Thailand, 1997)
    Information is provided on various developments since the 1994 Regional Workshop of Fishery Information and Statistics in Asia, at the global level which may have implications for fishery statistics, particularly as a basis for fishery management. The following are covered: UN Agreement on straddling fish stocks and highly migratory fish stocks; FAO compliance agreement; Code of conduct for responsible fisheries; and, Kyoto declaration and plan of action.
  • Statistical data on Vietnamese fisheries

    Nhat, Le Xuan (Secretariat, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development CenterBangkok, Thailand, 1997)
    A brief account is given on the current situation regarding the Vietnamese fisheries, describing the country's fishery policies towards 2010. Proposals for the implementation of the various policies it had developed include: institutional strengthening; strengthening the science and technology to speed up production; and, strengthening fisheries planning. The existing fishery statistical system is detailed.
  • Fishery statistics of Taiwan

    Chaur-Lian, Horng (Secretariat, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development CenterBangkok, Thailand, 1997)
    Following a brief account of current general trends in the fishery sector of Taiwan, details are given of fish production and fishery policy towards 2010. The status of National Fishery Statistics Systems is outlined, describing the Fishery Census, and catch-effort and fish processing statistics. Some proposals are made to improve the National Fishery Statistical Systems.
  • Country paper: Thailand. Part 2: General trends in the fishery sector

    Boonchuwong, Pongpat; Waiyasilp, Marina (Secretariat, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development CenterBangkok, Thailand, 1997)
    Following an account of the contribution of the Thai fishery sector to the national economy, details are given of the results of the various marine fishery censuses conducted in 1967, 1985 and 1995. Other surveys covered include: log book survey, fishing community survey, coastal culture survey, specialized survey, and inland fishery production survey.

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