Recent Submissions

  • Ocean Literacy for All: a toolkit.

    Santoro, Francesca; Santin, Selvaggia; Scowcroft, Gail; Fauville, Géraldine; Tuddenham, Peter; International Oceanographic Commission (IOC/UNESCO & UNESCO Venice OfficeParis, France, 2018)
    Recognizing the lack of ocean-related subjects in formal education, a group of ocean scientists and education professionals in the US in 2002 initiated a collaborative and bottom-up process to develop a comprehensive framework to encourage the inclusion of ocean sciences into national and state standards, and for more teaching about the ocean in K-12 classrooms. This was the start of the ocean literacy movement that since then it has spread around the world through the development of marine science educators associations in Canada, Australia, Europe and Asia. Ocean literacy programs and projects, until now, have been mainly focusing on developing resources, lesson plans and activities targeting Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) education. Currently, and in particular after the adoption of the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 14, we have assisted to a shift in the focus towards the inclusion of approaches closer to those developed under the UNESCO framework of Education for Sustainable Development (ESD). ESD aims to improve access to quality education on sustainable development at all levels and in all social contexts, to transform society by reorienting education and help people develop knowledge, skills, values and behaviors needed for sustainable development. Individuals are encouraged to be responsible actors who resolve challenges, respect cultural diversity and contribute to creating a more sustainable world. This publication is made of two parts. The first part presents the history of ocean literacy, and describes its framework made of 7 essential principles, and connects them to international ocean science programs that contributes to enhancing ocean knowledge and observations. Moreover, marine scientists and educators were interviewed to share their professional experiences on ocean literacy as well as their views on its future. The last chapter of part 1 describes the existing challenges to marine education, as well as the path for the development of successful ocean literacy activities in the context of the 2030 Agenda. One of the most important factors identified is related to the creation of multi-sector partnerships among the education, government, and private sector that have jointly built ocean literacy programs for all formal educational levels from the primary school to the university level as well as for non-formal learners. Worldwide examples of such programs are presented. The second part, after introducing the methodological approach based on the multi-perspective framework for ESD developed by UNESCO, presents 14 activities that could provide tested examples and support for the implementation of marine education initiatives. The aim is not to provide a one size-fits-all ready to use collection, but rather to offer support and examples of what could be then adapted for different geographical and cultural contexts. The resources are designed to be relevant for all learners of all ages worldwide and to find their application in many learning settings, while in their concrete implementation they will, naturally, have to be adapted to the national or local context.
  • IOC Strategic Plan for Oceanographic Data and Information Management (2017-2021).

    Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (UNESCOParis, France, 2017)
    The IOC Strategic Plan for Data and Information Management is for all data collected in IOC programmes. The vision is to achieve: “A comprehensive and integrated ocean data and information system, serving the broad and diverse needs of IOC Member States, for both management and scientific use.” The concept of delivering a data and information service for the “global ocean commons” (i.e. global public good) is central to this vision. The objectives of the Strategic Plan are to: Facilitate and promote the exchange of oceanographic data and information in compliance with the IOC Oceanographic Data Exchange Policy; Deliver a comprehensive distributed data system that can receive data collected by all IOC programmes and projects and deliver them in a uniform and transparent way to all users; Deliver a system that can collect bibliographic and factual information from all IOC programmes and projects and deliver them in a uniform and transparent way to all users; and Ensure alignment with, and contribution to, both the IOC’s Medium-Term Strategy for 2014-2021, and with the UN’s 2030 Agenda for sustainable development, in particular the dedicated sustainable development goal for the ocean (Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development) The IOC Data and Information Management System resulting from this strategy will deliver: Assembled, quality controlled and archived data on a diverse range of variables according to scientifically sound and well-documented standards and formats; Timely dissemination of data on a diverse range of variables (observations and model outputs) both on real-time and delayed modes depending on the needs of user groups and their technical capabilities (automatic dissemination as well as “on demand”); and Easy discovery and access to data and information on a diverse range of variables and derived products (including forecasts, alerts and warnings) by users who have a broad range of capabilities.
  • Estrategia de desarrollo de capacidades de la COI 2015-2021.

    Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commision (UnescoParis, France, 2016)
    El desarrollo de capacidades es uno de los pilares de la misión de la COI ya que permite a todos los Estados Miembros participar en la investigación y los servicios oceánicos y beneficiarse de esos elementos fundamentales para el desarrollo sostenible y el bienestar humano en el planeta. En la visión de esta Estrategia se considera el desarrollo de capacidades como el principal catalizador que permitirá a la COI alcanzar sus cuatro objetivos de alto nivel definidos en la Estrategia a Plazo Medio de la COI (2014-2021).
  • IOC Capacity Development Strategy 2015-2021.

    Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commision (UnescoParis, France, 2016)
    Capacity building is an essential tenet of IOC’s mission: It enables all Member States to participate in and benefit from ocean research and services that are vital to sustainable development and human welfare on the planet. This Strategy’s vision identifies capacity development as the primary catalyst through which IOC will achieve its four high level objectives in the current 2014–2021 IOC Medium-Term Strategy.
  • ICAN - Best Practice Guide to Engage your Coastal Web Atlas User Community.

    Kopke, Kathrin; Dwyer, Ned (IOC/UNESCOParis, France, 2016)
    The long-term strategic goal of the IODE ICAN (International Coastal Atlas Network) project is to encourage and help facilitate the development of digital atlases of the global coast based on the principle of distributed, high-quality data and information. These atlases can be local, regional, national and international in scale. ICAN aims to achieve this by sharing knowledge and experience among atlas developers in order to find common solutions for coastal web atlas development whilst ensuring maximum relevance and added value for the users.
  • Guidelines for a Data Management Plan.

    International Oceanographic Data and Information Exchange (UnescoParís, France, 2016)
    A data management plan is a formal document outlining how research data will be managed, stored, documented and secured throughout a research project as well as planning for what will happen to the data after completion of the project. The data management plan is intended to provide descriptive details of the data, the processes, the decisions, as well as identifying roles and responsibilities. This also includes a long-term data sharing and preservation plan to ensure data are publicly accessible beyond the life of the project. A data management plan is often a requirement of funding agencies. The IODE encourages all researchers to prepare a data management plan for research projects that will collect marine data and to ensure the data generated by research projects be permanently archived in the IODE network of National Oceanographic Data Centres (NODCs).
  • IOC Strategic Plan for Oceanographic data and Information Management (2013-2016). [Superceded]

    Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (UNESCOParis, France, 2013)
  • Ocean Data Standards, Volume 1, Recommendation to Adopt ISO 3166-1 and 3166-3 Country Codes as the Standard for Identifying Countries in Oceanographic Data Exchange.

    IOC for UNESCO (UNESCOParis, 2010)
    The value of standards for the management and exchange of data has always been acknowledged. In the oceanography and marine meteorology domain, there have been many efforts to develop common standards and data frameworks for processing data and information but these have never been widely adopted by the community. IODE and JCOMM recognized that, although there were mechanisms to facilitate coordinated ocean data exchange, these had not resulted in the degree of agreement on a wide range of matters that were needed in order to allow the easy exchange and interoperability of collected data. In 2008, the joint IODE/JCOMM Forum on Oceanographic Data Management and Exchange Standards established the Ocean Data Standards Pilot Project (ODS). One of the objectives of this Project is to initiate discussions on a limited set of topics for which it is felt that broad agreement is possible and to achieve broad agreement and commitment to adopt key standards related to ocean data management and exchange to facilitate exchange between data centres and contributing programmes. A second objective is to establish an internationally recognized process for submitting proposed standards and their acceptance by the ocean community. The recommended standards that are produced by this process are intended primarily for the use of the oceanographic and marine meteorological community. After recommendation, their use will be widely encouraged within IOC and WMO. This recommendation to adopt ISO 3166-1 and 3166-3 Country Codes as the Standard for Identifying Countries in Oceanographic Data Exchange has been evaluated and approved in accordance with the IODE/JCOMM Standards Process.
  • IGOSS publications, including manuals, guides, technical reports and resolutions: presented at the Joint IOC/WMO Planning Group for IGOSS, Second session, WMO, Geneva, 13-17 August 1973.

    IOC and WMO Secretariats (UNESCOParis, 1973)
    This paper provides a summary of the present and planned IGOSS publications and contains a secretariat proposal, that a publication plan be prepared for IGOSS. This question requires a detailed examination, taking into account, inter alia, the objective for which each document is to be prepared, its manner of preparation (authorship), publication medium, language requirements, the status of the publication within the sponsoring agencies and internationally and costs. IPLAN is invited to study this question and to prepare an IGOSS publication plan.
  • Ocean Data Publication Cookbook

    Leadbetter, A; Raymond, L.; Chandler, C.; Pikula, L.; Pissierssens, P.; Urban, E. (UNESCOParis, 2013)
    This "Cookbook" has been written for data managers and librarians who are interested in assigning a permanent identifier to a dataset for the purposes of publishing that dataset online and for the citation of that dataset within the scientific literature. A formal publishing process adds value to the dataset for the data originators as well as for future users of the data. Value may be added by providing an indication of the scientific quality and importance of the dataset (as measured through a process of peer review), and by ensuring that the dataset is complete frozen and has enough supporting metadata and other information to allow it to be used by others. Publishing a dataset also implies a commitment to persistence of the data and allows data producers to obtain academic credit fot their work in creating the dataset. One form of persistent identifier is the Digital Object Identifier (DOI). A DOI is a character string (a "digital identifier") used to provide a unique identity of an object such as an electronic document. Metadata about the object is stored in association with the DOI name and this metadata may include a location where the object can be found. The DOI for a document is permanent, whereas its location and other metadata may change. Referring to an online document by its DOI provides more stable linking than simply referring to it by its URL, because if its URL changes, the publisher need only update the metadata for the DOI to link the new URL. A DOI may be obtained fora variety of objects, including documents, data files and images. The assignment of DOIs to peer-reviewed journal articles has become commonplace. This cookbook provides a step-by-step guide to the data publication process and showcases some best practices for data publication. This cookbook is an outcome of the 5th session of the SCOR/IODE/MBLWHOI Library Workshop on Data Publication.
  • Marine spatial planning, a step-by-step approach towards ecosystem-based management.

    Ehler, Charles; Douvere, Fanny (UNESCOParis, 2009)
    Step 1 Identifying need and establishing authority Introduction 26 Task 1: Identifying why you need marine spatial planning 26 Task 2: Establishing appropriate authority for marine spatial planning 27 Action 1: Authority to plan for marine spatial planning 27 Action 2: Authority to implement marine spatial planning 30 Step 2 Obtaining financial support Introduction 32 Task 1: Identifying alternative financing mechanisms 32 Task 2: Defining the feasibility of alternative funding mechanisms 34 Step 3 Organizing the process through pre-planning Introduction 36 Task 1: Creating the marine spatial planning team 37 Task 2: Developing a work plan 38 Task 3: Defining boundaries and timeframe 39 Action 1: Defining boundaries 38 Action 2: Defining the time frame 39 Task 4: Defining principles 40 Task 5: Defining goals and objectives 41 Task 6: Identifying risks and developing contingency plans 42 Step 4 Organizing stakeholder participation Introduction 43 Task 1: Defining who should be involved in marine spatial planning 44 Task 2: Defining when to involve stakeholders 45 Task 3: Defining how to involve stakeholders 47 Step 5 Defining and analyzing existing conditions Introduction 49 Task 1: Collecting and mapping information about ecological, environmental and oceanographic conditions 50 Task 2: Collecting and mapping information about human activities 55 Task 3: Identifying current conflicts and compatibilities 57 Step 6 Defining and analyzing future conditions Introduction 63 Task 1: Projecting current trends in the spatial and temporal needs of existing human activities 64 Task 2: Estimating spatial and temporal requirements for new demands of ocean space 65 Task 3: Identifying possible alternative futures for the planning area 66 Task 4: Selecting the preferred spatial sea use scenario 68 Step 7 Preparing and approving the spatial management plan Introduction 71 Task 1: Identifying alternative spatial and temporal management measures, incentives, and institutional arrangements 73 Task 2: Specifying criteria for selecting marine spatial management measures 76 Task 3: Developing the zoning plan 76 Task 4: Evaluating the spatial management plan 79 Task 5: Approving the spatial management plan 80 Step 8 Implementing and enforcing the spatial management plan Introduction 83 Task 1: Implementing the spatial management plan 83 Task 2: Ensuring compliance with the spatial management plan 84 Task 3: Enforcing the spatial management plan 85 Step 9 Monitoring and evaluating performance Introduction 86 Task 1: Developing the performance monitoring program 87 Action 1: Re-confirming the objectives 87 A Step-by-Step Approach toward Ecosystem-based Management – MARINE SPATIAL PLANNING 5 Action 2: Agreeing on outcomes to measure 87 Action 3: Identifying key performance indicators to monitor 88 Action 4: Determining baseline data on indicators 88 Action 5: Selecting outcome targets 89 Task 2: Evaluating performance monitoring data 90 Task 3: Reporting results of performance evaluation 91 Step 10 Adapting the marine spatial management process Introduction 92 Task 1: Reconsidering and redesigning the marine spatial planning program 92 Task 2: Identifying applied research needs 93 Task 3: Starting the next round of marine spatial planning 94 References 96
  • Global temperature and salinity profile programme (GTSPP)- Data user's manual, first edition

    IOC for UNESCO (UNESCOParis, 2011)
    The Global Temperature and Salinity Profile Programme (GTSPP) is a joint Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) and World Meteorological Organization (WMO) programme to develop and maintain a global ocean Temperature-Salinity resource with data that are both up-to-date and of the highest quality[2]. The four primary objectives of GTSPP are: a) Provide a timely and complete data and information base of ocean temperature and salinity profile data, b) Implement data flow monitoring system for improving the capture and timeliness of real-time and delayed-mode data, c) Improve and implement agreed and uniform quality control and duplicates management systems, and d) Facilitate the development and provision of a wide variety of useful data analyses, data and information products, and data sets. The international oceanographic community‟s interest in creating a timely global ocean temperature and salinity dataset of known quality in support of the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) dates back to the 1981 “International Oceanographic Data and Information Exchange” (IODE) meeting in Hamburg, Federal Republic of Germany. The community's interest led to preliminary discussions by the Australian Oceanographic Data Center (AODC), the Marine Environmental Data Service (MEDS), now the Integrated Science Data Management (ISDM), of Canada and the U.S. National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC) during the second Joint IOC–WMO Meeting of Experts on IGOSS1-IODE Data Flow in Ottawa, Canada in January 1988. Development of the GTSPP (then called the Global Temperature-Salinity Pilot Project) began in 1989. The short-term goal was to respond to the needs of the Tropical Ocean and Global Atmosphere (TOGA) Experiment and the World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE) for temperature and salinity data. The longer-term goal was to develop and implement an end-to-end data management system for temperature and salinity data and other associated types of profiles, which could serve as a model for future oceanographic data management systems. GTSPP began operation in November 1990. The first version of the GTSPP Project Plan was published in the same year. Since that time, there have been many developments and some changes in direction including a decision by IOC and WMO to end the pilot phase and implement GTSPP as a permanent programme in 1996. Figure 1 is a sketch diagramme of the GTSPP management structure. GTSPP reports to the IODE Programme of IOC and the Joint Commission for Oceanography and Marine Meteorology (JCOMM), a body sponsored by WMO and IOC.
  • Ocean Data Standards, Vol.2: Recommendation to adopt ISO 8601:2004 as the standard for the representation of dates and times in oceanographic data exchange.

    IOC for UNESCO (UNESCOParis, 2011)
  • IOC strategic plan for oceanographic data and information management (2008-2011).

    IOC for UNESCO (UNESCOParis, 2008)
  • Visions for a Sea change, Report of the First Iinternational Workshop on Marine Spatial Planning

    Ehler, Charles; Douvere, Fanny (UNESCOParis, 2006)
    1 Introduction to the Workshop on Marine Spatial Planning 7 2 Introduction to Ecosystem-based, Sea Use Management 15 3 Ecosystem-based, Sea Use Management and Marine Spatial Planning 23 4 Key Scientific Issues for Ecosystem-based, Marine Spatial Planning 29 5 Legislation and Policy Framework for Marine Spatial Planning 35 6 A Process for Marine Spatial Planning 45 7 Defining the Human Dimension of Marine Spatial Planning 53 8 Implementing Marine Spatial Planning 57 9 Monitoring, Evaluating, and Adapting Marine Spatial Planning 65 10 Conclusions and Next Steps 71
  • Black Sea data management guide

    IOC for UNESCO (UNESCOParis, 2002)
    The material on the "Black Sea Data Management Guide" are prepared in accordance with the working plans of the IOC Committee on International Data and Information Exchange (IODE) and its regional component in the Black Sea region to assist specialists of the Black Sea countries in the field of Data Management. The Guide includes the following items: • national oceanographic data centres, designated national agencies, other marine centres and institutions of the Black Sea region countries dealing with problems of oceanographic data; • current international and national projects and programs of the Black Sea region countries; • preliminary catalogue marine observation in the Black Sea; • bibliography of publications of the marine centres and institute of the Black Sea region on problems of the Black Sea data and information published mainly during the past 5 years; • other information related to oceanographic data and information on the Black Sea. The compiler of the Guide is Alexander M. Suvorov, Deputy Director of the Marine Hydrophisical Institute of the Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences, national and regional (the Black Sea region) co-ordinator of the IOC IODE Committee, the editor-in-chief is Valery N. Eremeev, Director General of the Oceanological Centre of the Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences, the Chairman of the IOC UNESCO Black Sea Regional Committee, the Chairman of the Steering Committee of the Black Sea Global Observing Oceanographic System (BSGOOS).

View more