• General plan and implementation programme, (IGOSS) 1977-1982

      IOC (UNESCO, 1977)
      Since the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission and the World Meteorological Organization adopted the IGOSS General Plan and Implementation Programme for Pbse I in 1969, the routine international exchange of oceanographic data within the framework of IGOSS has become a reality. The Pilot Project for the Collection, Exchange and Evaluation of Bathythermograph Data, which waa the initie1 operational phase of IGOSS has demonstrated that the provision of oceanographic services is feasible and beneficial.
    • Unesco/IOC/NBO Training Course on Tidal Observations and Data Processing, Tianjin, China 27 August - 22 September 1984.

      IOC for UNESCO (UNESCOParis, 1983)
      The Training Course on Tidal Observations and Data Processing was organized in the Institute of Marine Scientific and Technological Information and the Institute of Marine Technology, in Tianjin, People's Republic of China, from 27 August to 22 September 1984: with the financial support of the National Bureau of Oceanography (NBO), the Unesco Division of Marine Sciences and the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC). The course was announced in the coastal Member States covered by the Unesco Regional Offices of Science and Technology for Africa (Nairobi), the Arab States (Paris), South and Central Asia (New Delhi), South East Asia (Jakarta), and the Member States of the IOC Programme Group for the Western Pacific (WESTPAC). Twelve participants from these regions attended the Training Course. The purpose of the course was to introduce the participants to basic knowledge and methods of tidal observations and data processing, including sea level measurement and data reduction, through lectures, practical training and observation. It was also intended inter alia to contribute to the training of personnel with a view to facilitating the implementation of the Global Sea Level Observing System promoted and coordinated by IOC. The course was conducted in English, and through interpretation from Chinese into English. A group of Chinese experts and translators prepared a textbook of teaching material for the Training Course. In addition to the Chinese scientists, two visiting lecturers, Dr. David T. Pugh and Dr. Selim A. Morcos, participated in the course. The participants were selected among university graduates with qualifications in oceanography or relevant disciplines. Preference was given to those directly responsible for sea level observations and programmes. The present Report gives an outline of the Training Course which included lectures, field work and scientific talks by invited speakers. The Report ends with an evaluation of the course by the participants, and general conclusions which may be of help in the preparation of similar courses in the future.
    • ROPME-IOC-UNEP Training Workshop on Oceanographic Sampling, Analysis, Data Handling and Care of Equipment, Doha, Qatar, 3-15 December 1983.

      IOC for UNESCO (UNESCOParis, 1983)
      Within the framework of co-operation between the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of Unesco, the Regional Organization for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Gulf (ROPME) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), a project providing IOC's assistance to ROPME in the implementation of the Kuwait Action Plan (KAP) was agreed upon and signed in September 1982. The activities of this project included a Regional Training Workshop on "Oceanographic Sampling, Analysis, Data Handling and Care of Equipment". The Workshop took place at the University of Qatar from 3 to 15 December, 1983. This report, prepared by Dr. Makram A. Gerges, IOC Consultant, describes the arrangements of the Workshop and gives details of the training course outline. It also provides an evaluation of the course in the light of the assessments made by the instructors and the trainees at the end of the workshop. The report concludes by a set of recommendations for the future training courses to be carried out in the KAP Region, in order that such training courses be an effective means of transferring marine scientific knowledge and technology amongst marine scientists in the various countries of the region.
    • Stage COI d'initiation à la gestion et au traitement de l'information scientifique et technique pour l'océanologie, Brest, France 28 novembre - 9 décembre 1983.

      IOC for UNESCO (UNESCOParis, 1983)
      Pour renforcer la participation effective des Etats membres, particulièrement ceux en développement, à ses programmes, la COI, grâce à l'appui de certains Etats membres, organise des cours ou stage de formation dans le cadre de ses activités de formation, éducation et assistance mutuelle (TEMA). Le stage dont il est question ici a pu être réalisé grâce à la volonté dont fait preuve la France d'aider développer le potentiel des pays en développement dans le domaine des sciences et techniques océanographiques et des services y afférent, et grâce à l'étroite coopération que ce pays a toujours pris soin d'entretenir avec la Commission et ses principales activités. I1 porte sur les diverses méthodes utilisées pour gérer et traiter l'information scientifique et technique se rapportant à l'océanologie, qu'il s'agisse d'information documentaire ou numériqae. I1 a été organisé par le Centre National pour l'Exploitation des Océans (CMEXO) en son Centre Océanologique de Bretagne, Brest, France, du 28 novembre.an 9 décembre 1983. La COI tient 2t exprimer ici sa reconnaissance à l'égard du Gouvernement français qui a bien voulu financer la majeure partie des bourse6 destinées aux stagiaires, et au Bureau National des Données Océaniques du CNEXO qui a assuré la préparation et la conduite du stage.
    • IOC/IODE Training Course on GF3 Data Formatting System, All-Union Research Institute of Hydrometeorological Information World Data Centre B, Oceanography Obninsk, USSR, 14-24 May 1990.

      IOC for UNESCO (UNESCOParis, 1990)
      The IOC Committee on International Oceanographic Data and Information Exchange, at its Thirteenth Session (New York, USA, 17-24 January 1990), welcomed the offer of the Soviet Union to host the Training course on GF3, and in Annex I1 to Recommendation IODE-XI11 .7 "IODE Strategy for 1990-1995 : Work Plan and Programme for 1990-1991", decided to give a high priority to training on GF3. In response to this decisions, the Training Course on GF3 Data Formatting system was held in Obninsk, Kaluga District, USSR, 14-24 May 1990. The course was organized under the auspices of the National Oceanographic Data centre and was cosponsored by the USSR State Committee for Hydrometeorology and the Intergovernmental Oceanographic commission (IOC). The General Format 3 (GF3) was developed by the IOC/IODE Group of Experts for The structure of the various GF3 records gives uses The GF3 system includes a handling geo-references data. the freedom to include virtually any type of geo-data. .well documented data format and a large library of software utility routines. The purpose of the training course was to train participants in modern oceanographic data management methods, to get them acquainted with GF3 data management system and to help data managers understand the possibilities for the application of the formatting system in order to facilitate their participation in international oceanographic data exchange. The training course was directed by Dr. Y. Sychov, Director of the National Oceanographic data Centre. The staff of the All-Union Research Institute of Hydrometeorological Information - World Data Centre (VNIIGMI-WDC) assisted effectively in delivering lectures and in providing practical training, as well as with all types of routine arrangements for the conduct of the Course. Special thanks are due to Dr. N. Mikhailov and Dr. V. Melnikov, Chiefs of Laboratories of VNIIGMI-WDC, whose efforts in arranging the course and making local arrangements convenient for the participants contributed a lot to the success of the course.
    • IOC-SSTC-SOA Training Course on Marine Information Management and ASFA., Tianjin, China, 19-30 October 1992.

      IOC for UNESCO (UNESCOParis, 1992)
      During the Twenty-fifth Session of the IOC Executive Council (Paris, 10- 18 March 1992), China made an offer to "host and help organize a training course on marine information management and ASFA as an IOC-TEMA activity". IOC welcomed the offer and decided to hold such a training course. In response to this decision, the Training Course on Marine Information Management and ASFA was held in Tianjin, China from 19-30 October 1992. The course was organized and hosted by the National Marine Data and Information Service (NMDIS), Tianjin, China, under the co-sponsorship of IOC, the Department of International Co-operation of the State Science and Technology Commission, and the State Oceanic Administration of China. The main purpose of the training course was to provide the trainees with basic knowledge of marine information management, to train them in preparation of ASFA input, and to enable them to use modern techniques and facilities in marine information management.
    • IOC-KMFRI-RECOSCIX (WIO) Regional Training COurse on Microcomputer-based Marine Library Information Management., Mombasa, Kenya, 10-21 August 1992.

      IOC for UNESCO (UNESCOParis, 1992)
      The IOC Regional Committee for the Co-operative Investigation in the North and Central Western Indian Ocean, at its Second Session (Arusha, Tanzania, 7-11 December 1987), welcomed the outline of a project proposal entitled Regional Co-operation in Scientific Information Exchange in the Western Indian Ocean region (RECOSCIX-WIO).It called on the IOC and Unesco to seek the extrabudgetary funding required for the implementation of Phase I. It invited the Kenya Marine and Fisheries Research Institute (KMFRI) to act as the Dispatch Centre for the RECOSCIX-WIO project during the Pilot Phase. It recognized that, for the system to work effectively in the region, long-term training in the field of marine information management would be necessary, with the view to developing a regional component of ASFIS. It called on the Belgian Government to continue assisting RECOSCIX-WIO and its extension to the region. The RECOSCIX-WIO project was effectively launched by the IOC (Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of Unesco) in February 1989. The Regional Dispatch Centre (RDC) was located at the KMFRI in Mombasa (Kenya) under the co-management of an Unesco Associate Expert. In August 1991 the project was taken over by the Belgian Government through the Flemish Interuniversity Council (VLIR, Brussel, Belgium) and the Limburg University Centre (LUC, Diepenbeek, Belgium). In January 1992 an expert of the Flemish Association for Development Co-operation and technical Assistance (VVOB, Brussel, Belgium) replaced the Associate Expert in Mombasa. With the funding of the Belgian Government, a full implementation of the project became possible, including the training component. Two Bzlgian lecturers in Library and Information Sciences accepted the invitation of the RECOSCIX-WIO project director and chief librarian of the LUC, to come to Mombasa and give a Training Course to the librarians and documentation officers of the marine institutes in the Western Indian Ocean (WIO) region. The purpose of the Training Course was to teach the participants the basic skills to establish a bibliographic database using the CDWISIS software, developed by Unesco. These skills will be used to build a collective catalogue of library holdings of marine institutes in the WIO region and a bibliographic database of publications on the region. The Training Course was organised by the RECOSCIX-WIO project, under the auspices of the KMFRI, and funded by the Belgian Government through the LUC and by the IOC. Additional funds were provided by the IOC for the participation of a participant from the Ivory Coast and by the Law of the Sea project (University of Nairobi, Kenya and University of Gent, Belgium) for the participation of its documentation officer. The course was held in the Bandari College (Kenya Ports Authority) in Mombasa, Kenya, from 10 till 21 August 1992.
    • IOC-JODC Training Course on Oceanographic Data Management : Japan Oceanographic Data Centre Hydrographic Department, Maritime Safety Agency, Tokyo, 28 September - 9 October 1992.

      IOC for UNESCO (UNESCOParis, 1992)
      The objective of the training course was to allow personnel currently involved in oceanographic data and information management from Member States of the WESTPAC region to become acquainted with basic concepts of the International Oceanographic Data and Information Exchange (IODE) system and its function, especially in the WESTPAC region, and acquisition, processing and compilation of oceanographic data, as well as general data formats used within the framework of the IODE system.
    • IOC-JODC Training Course on Oceanographic Data Management, Japan Oceanographic Data Centre Hydrographic Department, Maritime Safety Agency, Tokyo, 27 September - 8 October 1992.

      IOC for UNESCO (UNESCOParis, 1992)
      The objectives of the training course were to allow personnel currently involved in oceanographic data and information management from Member States in the WESTPAC region to become acquainted with basic concepts of the International Oceanographic Data and Information Exchange (IODE) system and its function, especially in the WESTPAC region, and acquisition, procession and compilation of oceanographic data.
    • IOC Training Course on Oceanographic Data Management for Black Sea Countries, Obnisk, Russian Federation, 1-12 August 1994.

      IOC for UNESCO (UNESCOParis, 1994)
      The objective of the Training Course was to develop facilities of the Black Sea countries for oceanographic data acquisition, management and processing, using modem methods, technologies and software, and make participants acquainted with the IODE methods, tools and mechanics (GF3, OceanPC and other means). This Training Course was the second organized in the Russian Federation under the auspices of the National Oceanographic Data Centre. The first Training Course in 1990 was dedicated to the GF-3 Formatting System. The programme of the present Training Course was much wider and covered practically all aspects of data management - from the methods of data collection to the methods of producing climatic characteristics and other products.
    • Training Course on Management of Marine Data and Information for the Mediterranean Region, Organized in cooperation with: Malta Council for Science and Technology; Euro-Mediterranean Centre on Insular Coastal Dynamics CEC-MAST, Malta, 10-21 April 1995.

      IOC for UNESCO (UNESCOParis, 1995)
      The course frames within the continuing training programme of the IODE to familiarize marine data and information managers with current procedures and methods related to marine data and information management. Through such training courses the IOC aims to ensure increasing and sustained collaboration of Member States in the IODE programme, and to maintain a high level of competence in the National Oceanographic Data Centres.
    • IOC-Germany Advanced Training Course on Bathymetric Charting in the Western Indian Ocean: On board R.V. Meteor between Durban and Cape Town, South Africa.

      IOC for UNESCO (UNESCOParis, 1995)
      The IOC-Germany Advanced Training Course on Bathymetric Charting in the Western Indian Ocean took place in Durban, South Africa, and on board R.V. METEOR during cruise M33/3 from Durban to Cape Town, from 15 to 29 December 1995. It was a follow-up of a similar, more basic course held in Madagascar and on board R.V. METEOR in 1987. The Course profited from the fact that in 1995 R.V. METEOR spent several months in the Indian Ocean to do research for the World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE) and the Joint Global Ocean Flux Study (JGOFS). The Course was a contribution of the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany to the Training, Education and Mutual Assistance in the Marine Sciences (TEMA) Programme of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Course was jointly co-ordinated by Dr. Gtinter Giermann, Secretary of the German National IOC Committee, on behalf of the German Government (BMBF) and Dr. Dmitri Travin on behalf of IOC, with the assistance of the scientific Course Leader Dr. Werner Bettac, former member of the German Hydrographic Institute in Hamburg. While in Durban, technical assistance was provided by UEC/ADS (a counterpart of Atlas Elektronik, Bremen) and the local representative of Reederei Forschungsgemeinschaft (ship’s agent). The Course included lectures and demonstrations of instruments on board the vessel.
    • IOC-JODC Training Course on Oceanographic Data Management, Japan Oceanographic Data Centre Hydrographic Department, Maritime Safety Agency, Tokyo, 16-27 October 1995.

      IOC for UNESCO (UNESCOParis, 1995)
      The objectives of the training course were to provide personnel currently involved in oceanographic data and information management from Member States of the WESTPAC region with basic concepts of the International Oceanographic Data and Information Exchange (IODE) system and its function, especially in the WESTPAC region, and acquisition, procession and compilation of oceanographic data.
    • First IOC/WESTPAC Training Course on Monitoring of PSP Plankton and Shellfish Toxic, July 1995; Second IOC/WESTPAC Training Course on Species Identification on Harmful Microagae, February 1997; Third IOC/WESTPAC Training Course on Species Identification of Harmful Microalgae, August 1997.

      IOC for UNESCO (UNESCOParis, 1997)
      Two training courses on Species Identification of Harmful Microalgae were held at ANESC (Asian Natural Environmental Science Center) of the University of Tokyo on 28 February - 8 March and 22-30 August, 1997. Before these courses a training workshop on Monitoring of PSP Plankton and Toxin Monitoring was held at School of Fisheries Sciences of Kitasato University on 17-21 July, 1995. The courses and workshop were one of the important activities planned and implemented by the WESTPAC HAB project (Harmful Algal Blooms in the Western Pacific). Expenses were provided by the Japanese Government through the funds in trust to the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO, and partially by ANESC of the University of Tokyo and School of Fisheries Sciences of Kitasato University. The participants included twenty-two people from eleven countries for the 1995 Workshop, ten from eight countries for the 1997-February Course, and fifteen from countries for 1997-August Course. They were from China. Fiji, Indonesia, Korea, Malaysia, New Zealand, Philippines, Russia, Thailand, and Vietnam in WESTPAC area and from Croatia, Guatemala and Latvia. The Courses and the workshop were organized by Dr. Yasuwo Fukuyo (ANESC, the University of Tokyo), in cooperation with Ms. Miyuki Kuranishi (Japanese Ministry of Education, Science, Sports and Culture, Tokyo) and Dr. Shigeki Mitsumoto (WESTPAC Secretariat Office, Bangkok). Dr. Masaaki Kodama (School of Fisheries Sciences, Kitasato University), Dr. Yasukatsu Oshima (Faculty of Agriculture, Tohoku University), Dr. Amulfo N. Marasigan (Aquaculture Institute, University of the Philippines in the Visayas, Iloilo, Philippines) and Mr. Tumpak Sidabutar (Research and Development Centre for Oceanology, Ambon, Indonesia) were invited to deliver lectures. The 1995 Workshop was held in order to increase awareness of the importance of a regular monitoring of PSP plankton and their toxins. The 1997 Courses were more specific, as they were held to improve identification skills on harmful microalgae through lectures and practical laboratory exercises to enable participants to detect their occurrence and mitigate their harmful effects. In particular, the Course was focused on identification of toxic and harmful dinoflagellates by using compound light microscopes which are commonly available in the countries of the participants. During the Workshop and Courses several methods for observating dinoflagellates and the environment in which they occur were explained and demonstrated by the lecturers. Microscopic observation on plankton samples brought by participants were carried out. The training provided will be used to design and implement a monitoring programme on harmful microalgae in the area of participant’s countries. The training activity will also focus on improving related human resources as well as technology and knowledge transfer in order to further develop the capability in WESTPAC countries for management of HAB events resulting from the additional trained personnel who attended the workshop courses.