• Phytoplankton variables dynamics in the Halda River (Bangabandhu Fisheries Heritage), Chittagong, Bangladesh

      Islam, Md.S. (2021)
      The Halda is a river ecosystem of major importance, well-suited for the natural spawning of major carps due to the unique physicochemical and biological properties of its water. The productivity of the Halda ecosystem mainly depends on the plankton density. The present study has been aimed at the determination of qualitative and quantitative density of the phytoplankton in the Halda River during a two-year period extending from January, 2017 to December, 2018. Phytoplankton density is a good indicator of the water quality of a river ecosystem. A total of 74 species of phytoplankton divided into 47 genera belonging to 6 phyla has been recorded. Bacillariophyta was the most dominant phylum of phytoplankton followed by Cyanobacteria, Chlorophyta, Miozoa, Charophyta, and Euglenozoa. The maximum phytoplankton density was recorded during the pre-monsoon period, and its minimum fell upon the post-monsoon period. The phytoplankton showed a positive significant relationship with transparency, total dissolved solids, conductivity, calcium, total hardness, and BOD5 and an inverse significant relationship with water temperature. The water of the Halda River is organically polluted and eutrophic in its nature.