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dc.contributor.authorBaisre, J. A.
dc.contributor.authorArboleya, A.
dc.identifier.citationFisheries Research, 81, p. 283-292en
dc.description.abstractOver the last decade eutrophication of freshwater artificial reservoirs in Cuba occurred in parallel to oligotrophication of estuarine and coastal waters. These two processes influenced both freshwater and marine fisheries. A dramatic shift in species composition in freshwater fisheries has occurred, from dominance by cichlids (tilapia) to dominance by cyprinids. The high fishery yield from some reservoirs, and shift in species composition, seems related to progressive eutrophication of reservoirs by nutrient subsidies from different anthropogenic activities; particular those related to the size of urban areas within their watersheds. On the other hand, marine landings of estuarine-dependent species declined more significantly than for other groups associated with seagrass beds–coral reefs and oceanic waters. The ratio between catches of estuarine-dependent species and those associated with seagrass beds and coral reefs, decreased significantly over the last 20 years. The decrease in landings was more evident in typical estuarine species, such as shrimps (Litopenaeus schmitti and Farfantopenaeus notialis), mangrove oyster (Crassostrea rhizophorae) and mullets (Mugil spp.). River damming increased during the same period and is significantly correlated with these decreases. It is hypothesized that two different processes acted synergistically, leading to dramatic decreases of several orders of magnitude, in the catches of estuarine species over the last decade: the trapping of nutrients and sediments by river damming, and a drastic reduction in nutrient inputs from land-based sources due to reduced fertilizer use. These are postulated to have affected not only estuarine resources, but also the whole coastal ecosystem.en
dc.description.abstractDurante la última década, la eutrofización de los embalses artificiales de agua dulce en Cuba se produjo en paralelo a oligotrophication de estuarios y costeras aguas. Estos dos procesos de influencia de agua dulce y la pesca marina. Un cambio dramático en la composición de las especies en la pesca de agua dulce se ha producido, de la dominación de los cíclidos (tilapia) a la dominación de ciprínidos. La alta producción de la pesca de algunos embalses, y el cambio en las especies composición, parece relacionada con la progresiva eutrofización de los embalses de las subvenciones de nutrientes de diferentes actividades antropogénicas, especialmente las relacionado con el tamaño de las zonas urbanas dentro de sus cuencas. Por otro lado, los desembarques de especies marinas de estuario-dependientes disminuyeron significativamente más que para otros grupos asociados con algas marinas Los arrecifes de coral-camas y las aguas oceánicas. La relación entre las capturas de las especies que dependen de los estuarios y las asociadas a las praderas marinas y Los arrecifes de coral, se redujo significativamente en los últimos 20 años. La disminución en los desembarques fue más evidente en especies típicas de estuarios, tales como camarones (Litopenaeus schmitti y Farfantopenaeus notialis), ostra de mangle (Crassostrea rhizophorae) y la lisa (Mugil spp.). El represamiento del Río aumentó durante el mismo período y se correlaciona significativamente con estas disminuciones. Se planteó la hipótesis de que dos procesos diferentes actúan de forma sinérgica, que conduce a una disminución drástica de varios órdenes de magnitud, en las capturas de las especies de estuario en la última década: la captura de nutrientes y sedimentos por represas río, y una reducción drástica de los aportes de nutrientes de fuentes terrestres, debido a la reducción del uso de fertilizantes. Se postula que han afectado no sólo a los recursos estuarinos, sino también todo el ecosistema costero.en
dc.titleGoing against the flow: Effects of river damming in Cuban fisheriesen
dc.typeJournal Contribution*
dc.bibliographicCitation.titleFisheries Researchen
dc.description.otherimpactos antropogénicosen
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