Evaluation of the Red Sea State: Food Security Status 2007- 2009.
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AuthorAbdel Aziz, Ahmed
Creative CommonsRed Sea University Post Graduate Studies and Research firstname.lastname@example.org
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AbstractOver the last century, the Red Rea State (RSS) has experienced severe erosion of its traditional rural livelihood systems. The environmental as well as political unrest had combined to create a recurrent food security situation. The objectives of this study were:- To define the magnitude of rural as well as urban food consumption needs from stable crops. To assess the preparedness of RSS institutions to cope with food and nutritional needs of rural areas. To help decision makers in adopting monitoring techniques for poverty and food gap situations. A combination of data collection procedures were used to verify the stated hypotheses. A quantitative market survey was carried at different agro-ecological zones for establishing the prices of food commodities used at rural areas. Other indices such as water, charcoal, goats etc. were recorded at selected sites. Secondary data was also collected on food crop production levels and nutritional situation of population living in the survey area. Data on food assistance interventions in the area were also recorded. Food insecurity and population vulnerability profiles were also obtained. Based on the above methodology, the following results were evident. The food gap between total consumption and the current production is expected to rise beyond 2005-2006 levels. Local food production capabilities may only be sufficient for less than 4% of total requirements. Sorghum prices situation, as stable food and feed has sharply increased in the last two seasons. The food reserve situation needs were not parallel with actual needs especially in rural areas. The geographic coverage of the early warning system in the state is limited and needs to be extended to all localities of the state and be based following the hazard poverty mapping system with links to malnutrition and other food security indicators.The research came up with the following recommendations:- - The capacity of RSS in the area of monitoring weather data and obtaining closer GIS is highly needed to make available essential data for forecasting the food situation. - Proxy – indicators of poverty for e.g. education need to be addressed to create opportunities for alternative lively hoods. - Food safety nets need to be created and co-ordinated within rural and urban areas of the state. - A food and lively hood monitoring system need to be put in place to track all the efforts of food aid. There are currently eight channels through which food is being distributed. - It is recommended the strategic grain reserves available in the state to be monitored regularly for quantity and common losses due insects. Locality head quarters need strong base of storage facilities so that food can be closure to the needy. - Frequent base line surveys for supplementary and therapeutic following the international norms need to be regularly monitored. - In the RSS, more investments should focus on improving the livestock, fishery and pertinent marketing channels are critical to reduce vulnerability to food insecurity.
Publisher or UniversityRed Sea University
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Red Sea University Post Graduate Studies and Research email@example.com