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dc.contributor.authorCros, Annick
dc.coverage.spatialKenya, Coast, Mombasa, Mombasa Marine Parken_US
dc.date.accessioned2015-08-17T14:38:32Z
dc.date.available2015-08-17T14:38:32Z
dc.date.issued2001
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1834/7225
dc.description.abstractTwo coral species were transplanted into three distinct management areas adjacent to the Mombasa Marine National Park, Kenya: a no fishing MPA a gear restricted reserve with no beach seining, and a reserve with beach seining. Corallivory from fish or breakage from beach seining were measured by percentage mortality of transplants. The branching species, Porites cylindrica was more susceptible to disturbances than the massive species Porites lutea which showed no difference in mortality rate between the three sites. Branching Porites were more affected by corallivory than by beach seining or by restrictive gear fishing. Corals transplanted into the gear restricted fishing site had the highest survival, although in the past, this site has shown signs of overfishing and phase shifts towards a sea urchin dominant community. Branching coral transplants suffered the most damage inside the no fishing MPA, however, in the long term corals may suffer more in the two other areas through direct impact by beach seining and indirect impacts from overfishing. Extended experiments of longer duration should be conducted to differentiate between long and shon term effects and the rates of recovery for each management strategy.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherUniversity of Newcastle upon Tyneen_US
dc.subject.otherSeiningen_US
dc.subject.otherBeachesen_US
dc.subject.otherCoastal zoneen_US
dc.subject.otherTransplantationen_US
dc.subject.otherMarine parksen_US
dc.subject.otherProtected areasen_US
dc.subject.otherCoral reefsen_US
dc.titleComparison or damage caused by beach seining vs. corallivory on coral transplants in Mombasa, Kenya.en_US
dc.typeThesis/Dissertationen_US
dc.description.degreeMastersen_US
dc.description.notesSome tables and figures are upside down.
dc.format.pages21pp. & Figsen_US
refterms.dateFOA2021-01-30T18:47:39Z


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