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dc.contributor.authorVersleijen, Nicole
dc.coverage.spatialKenya, Coast, Malindi, Watamu Marine Natl. Parken_US
dc.date.accessioned2015-08-29T07:33:38Z
dc.date.available2015-08-29T07:33:38Z
dc.date.issued2001
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1834/7358
dc.description.abstractThis study was carried out in the districts Kilifi and Malindi. It focusses on the activities of artisanal fishermen and their households: the livelihood strategies they have, their attitude towards conservation, their indigeneous environmental conservation practices and the effects of the Watamu Marine National Park on these. In this study, data were collected through semi structured questionnaires, participant observation, life and career histories, network analysis and genealogies in Uyombo, Takaungu and the Watamu Marine National Park. Discussions were also held with the fishermen, Kenya Wildlife Service employees and people employed at the Watamu Marine National Park. In order to analyse the findings, an actor oriented approach is used, combined with the theories of political ecology and legal pluralism. By using these theories attention is paid to the historical background, wider context, human agency, property rights and community based natural resource management. The study revealed that fishermen are aware of the degradation of marine resources but are unable to do something about it because of their poor situation. Due to their declining standard of living people start to diversify. Two types of diversification can be found: fishermen who diversify by starting to cultivate on a shamba and farmers who diversify by starting to fish. Because of this, people of other ethnicities and religions, than those of the traditional fishermen started fishing. This ended indigeneous ways of conservation. Finally the study revealed that many fishermen are willing to stop fishing. However, the lack of employment possibilities will probably only drive more people to fishing, causing more severe degradation of marine resources. The thesis ends with some recommendations which might attribute to a decline of the degradation of marine resources and the deteriorating situation of fishermen at the Kenya Coast.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherWageningen Universityen_US
dc.subject.otherMarine parksen_US
dc.subject.otherResource conservationen_US
dc.subject.otherFishery managementen_US
dc.titleAn Empty Sufuria: The Effects of a Marine National Park on the Livelihood Strategies and Income Diversification of Fisherman Households at the Kenya Coast.en_US
dc.typeThesis/Dissertationen_US
dc.description.degreeMastersen_US
dc.format.pages141pp.en_US
refterms.dateFOA2021-01-30T18:47:39Z


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